10th English : The Attic
Unit 4.1 > The Attic
|bifurcated (v)||divided into two||இரண்டாக்கப்பட்ட|
|revive (v)||to bring something back to life||மீண்டு உயிரூட்டுவது|
|soothing(v)||making someone feel calm||ஒருவரை அமைத்திப்படுத்துவது|
|rustic (adj.)||typical of the countryside||நாட்டுப்புறம்|
|dilated (v)||widened than usual||விரி|
|overwrought (adj.)||state of being upset||மனச்சோர்வான|
|attic (n)||the space or room at the top of a building, under the roof||பரண்|
|spire (n)||a tall, pointed structure on top of a building, especially on top of a church tower||ஒரு கட்டிடத்தின் மேல் உள்ள ஒரு உயரமான கூர்மையான அமைப்பு, குறிப்பாக தேவாலய கோபுரம்|
|smacks (v)||drive or put forcefully into or on to something||அடி விழுதல்|
A. Answer the following questions in two or three sentences.
1. Write a few lines about the owner of the shop.
The owner of the shop was Nagen Babu. Nagen Babu was in mid-sixties with a typical Bengal village look, clean-shaven and neatly combed white hair. He was wearing a dhoti and a blue-striped shirt, peering through his green shawl
2. What was the daily routine of Sanyal?
He was a mysterious person living with his friend Joseph Kabiraj. At the tea stall he was neither eating nor drinking tea, instead of that every day he was sitting with head bent over the tea – table as if day dreaming, He crazily recited Tagore’’s poem, Even though he was in mental stress, be didn’t forget to pay for the tea.
3. Why was there a sudden change in Aditya’s expression?
After completion, Sanyal left the place with folded hands. By looking at him, the author noticed a sudden change in Aditya’s expression and asked for the reason. Nagen was very curious to know about Sanyal. Without answering to the author, Aditya asked Nagen uncle about the gentleman and what he was doing.
4. Why did Aditya decide to visit his ancestral home?
Aditya along with the writer visited his ancestral home, He visited there to get the medal which was hidden inside the attic of the house. He wanted to handover the medal to the rightful owner.
5, What was the condition of the attic?
‘The attic was dilapidated, being worst hit by strong wind and rough weather. A portion of the wall had crumbled creating a window – hole. The floor was not cleaned for long and stubbed with straw, twigs, perched leaves, and pigeon droppings.
6. When did Aditya heave a sigh of relief? Why?
Aditva stood on the packing case and insinuated his hand into the ventilator pole and had a sigh of relief. A sparrow nest was disturbed and a part of which fell on the ground, Te found an antique inside a jeweller’s box which he was searching for.
7. Why did Aditya and his friend go to the jeweller?
Aditya searched and found out an antique inside a jeweller’s box. Then he urged the author to go to the jewellers shop to examine the weight of the article. The jeweller remarked that it was an antique.
&. What did Aditya offer Sanyal?
Aditya didn’t deny him and told that he wished to give him one hundred fifty rupees. At last Aditya handed over the medal to Basanka, kept inside the ventilator of the attic.
9, ‘Your gricvances are absolutely justified.” Who says this to whom? Why?
Aditya says these words to Sasanka Sanyal because he wants Sanyal to accept his offerings of money,
B. Answer in detail the following questions in about 100-150 words.
1. Give a detailed account of all thoughts and questions in the narrator’s mind while accompanying Aditya from the tea shop to Sanyal’s house?
|Aditya and the narrator met Sanyal at the tea shop who behaved differently. After Sanyal had left, the narrator found a sudden change in Aditya’s expression, There started his curiosity and he started to find the reason behind Aditya’s expression. But he asked Nagen uncle about ignoring the narrator.
After enquiry with Nagen uncle they both went to Aditya’’s ancestral house.In the whole house, the attic had probably been the worst hit by wind, Aditya searched there to get something and he heaved a sigh of relief when he had got what he had been looking for. Then arose the narrator’s next question.“When asked him what it was”, he said, “You’ll pet to know very soon”Their next place to be visited was the jeweller’s place to find out the weight of the article.And then their next stop was. the house of Jogesh Kabiraj.”Though I was a little curious, I didn’t ask Aditya anything.”It was so much curious for the narrator to visit Sanyal’s house. At Sanyal’s house, the narrator got the answers for his questions towards Aditya.
2. ‘Man does change with time’-What were | rious changes that came about in Aditya?
|During childhood, Aditya seemed to be a spoilt brat of rich parents. Despite a good student he used to lie and was extremely jealous of Sasanka. Aditya didn’t defy Sanyal and told that he wished to give him one hundred fifty rupees, Sanyal laughed at his sudden generosity and enquired,
“Why all these After to many year?”
Aditva wanted to protect his stand saying he had changed with years. Sasanka blasted at him saying, he received the prize and Aditya took it from him to show and impress his father and lied that the medal had fallen from the hole in his pocket, Sanyal blasted his age-old anger and anguish on Aditva. He only needed his lost glory back.
Aditya admitted his fault and accepted Sasanka’s righteous grievances towards him due to some changes in his character, At last be handed over the medal to Sasanka, kept inside the ventilator of the attic, as a hidden treasure for long 29 years. Thus, Man does change with time.
3. Give a brief character sketch of Sasanka Sanyal.
|Sasanka Sanyal was a peculiar man. He was neither eating nor drinking tea, instead was sitting with head bent over the tea – table as if day-dreaming, Sanyal was a mysterious person living with his friend Joseph Kabiraj. He had lost his wife and only son last year, He had sold all his lands to get his daughter married. He almost became a pauper and became somewhat crazy since then, due to mental stress.
He didn’t forget any memories of the past and possessed a high sell: esteem and respect.
“Sasanka comes her, has tea and biscuits and always remembers to pay – having an acute sense of self-respect”
He never failed to pay his bill at the tea stall. He had recognized Aditya by the mole on his right cheek, at the tea stall. He wanted to teach him a lesson and force him remembering his act of treachery, thus be blasted his age old anger and anguish on Aditva. He didn’t need any charity in cash or kind, only needed his lost glory back. And he also explained, past was past, he wanted to forget the whole unpleasant incident.
C. Complete the following table with two more compound words.
|Noun + Noun||kitchen garden||tooth paste||school boy|
|Noun + Verb||mouthwash||haircut||daw break|
|Verb + Noun||watchman||show room||show case|
|Preposition + Noun||overcoat||underground||over bridge|
|Gerund + Noun||bleaching powder||drawing room||swimming pool|
|Noun + Gerund||housekeeping||bird watching||air conditioning|
|Adjective + Prep. + Noun||good for nothing||fear for crowd||fond of flower|
|Noun + Prep. + Noun||mother-in-law||daughter-in-law||son-in-law|
D. Combine the words in column A with those in column B fo form compound words as many as you can
|Column A||Column A||Answers|
E. Form compound words from the boxes given below and fill in the blanks in the sentences that follow with the appropriate compound words.
- Siva visited the hair stylist to a clean hair cut
- Tharani had given the sarees For dry cleaning
- The green house is a natural process that warms the earth’s surface.
- Never wait for an alarm clock to wake you up.
- ‘The children were late to school as there was a traffic fam near the toll plaza.
- The government expects every individual to promptly pay the income fox.
- People usually wear sunglasses during summer.
- The patients were asked to sit in the waiting room until the doctor arrived.
- With teamwork we are able to multiply our out put
- The room was looking bright with the colorful wall paper.
F. Form new words by adding appropriate prefix /suffix:
- accurate – inaccurate
- understand – understandable
- practice – malpractice
- technology – technological
- fashion – fashionable
- different – indifferent
- child – childish
- national international
- origin ~ original
- enjoy – enjoyment
G. Frome sentences of your own using any five newly formed words,
- There is a lot of enjoyment while watching, movies.
- She is very childish.
- He did malpractice to get this job.
- The manager asked for an original copy of the document.
- Ramu is an international smuggler.
H. Fill ie the blanks by adding appropriate prefix (suffix to the words given in brackets.
- He was sleeping comfortably in his couch. (comfort)
- Kavya rides a bicycle to school.(cycle)
- There was only a handful of people in the theatre.(hand)
- It is illegal to cut sandalwood trees. (legal)
- The arrival of the President has been expected for the last half an hour. (arrive)
- The man behaved abnormally in front of the crowd. (normal)
- Swathy had no intention of visiting the doctor, (intend)
- The bacteria are so small that you need a microscope to see them. (scope).
A. Complete the sentences given below choosing the right connectors given in brackets.
- Call me in case you need money. (so that, in order that, in case)
- I forgot that I had to meet the Principal. (whether, that, if)
- Though he is ninety years old, he is in the pink of health. (when, since, though)
- It is raining. Take an umbrella or else you will get drenched. (or else, and, but)
- They faced many hardships nevertheless they are always cheerful. (although, nevertheless, otherwise)
B. Fill in the blanks with the connector that goes with the underlined words.
- Both the minister as well as the officers visited the affected areas.
- Jaya teaches not only English but also Science.
- Either Raghu or Bala will have to buy vegetables from the market.
- No sooner did I enter the house that it started drizzling.
C. Combine the pairs of sentences using appropriate connectors.
1. We came late. We did not miss the train.
- We came late but we did not miss the train.
2. They checked the packet twice. Then they sealed it.
- They checked the packet twice and then they sealed it.
3. Sita saw a snake. At once she ran away
- When Sita saw a snake, she ran away.
4. Robert completed the project. He submitted it to the teacher.
- Robert completed the project and submitted it to the teacher,
5. Yusuf was running high temperature. He could not take part in the competition.
- Yusuf was running high temperature so he could not take part in the competition.
D. Select the correct linker.
1. _________ he was honest, he was punished.
Ans ; though
2. Walk carefully _________ you will fall down.
Ans ; otherwise
3. My mother called me _________ I was playing football.
Ans ; Or
4. My salary is low _________ I find the work interesting.
Ans ; nevertheless
5. The passengers rushed to board the bus _________ it arrived.
- as soon as
- as long as
Ans ; as soon as
E. Supply suitable linkers.
1. “Moreover I was alive and had a human heart, ” answered the statue, “I did not know what tears were, because I lived in the palace where sorrow was not allowed to enter. My courtiers called me the Happy Prince and Happy Indeed I was. So I lived and then I died.
2. Many writers make incorrect sentences because they try to put sentences together. They may make grammatical errors as well as leave out important punctuation marks. Making such mistakes is quite common for preparing the first draft . Therefore he must carefully edit his final draft.
3. In most large cities and towns of our country, there are special schools for girls. On the outher hand, there are many coeducational schools where girls as well as boys study together. Most parents allow their daughters to attend
these schools, on contrary there are some parents who are against such schools for girls between the age of 14 or15.
F. Rearrange the words in the correct order to make meaningful sentences.
1. as / I / healthy / are / you / am / as
- I am as healthy as you are
2. your / today / put on / new / since / is / birthday /dress / the
- Since today is your birthday put on the new dress.
3. allergic / dogs / Rani / though / is / to / of / six / she / them / has
- Though Rant is atlereic te dogs, she has six of them
4. speaks / Ruben / besides / German / languages / two
- Resides German, Ruben speaks two languages
5. loan/apply/you/if/for/you/a/get/will/ immediately/it/
- If you apply for a loan, you will get it immediately
G. Write the noun forms of the following words.
- beautiful – beauty
- breathe – breath
- enter – entrance
- know – knowing
- deafen – deaf
- zealous = zeal
- familiar – familiarity
- accept – acceptance
- dangerous – danger
H. Complete the following sentences using the noun form of the words given in brackets
- The boy had to give a proper explanation for being late. (explain)
- They could make prediction about the future.(predict)
- At one point in life, he had no choice but to trust his friend. (choose)
- The monuments are to be preserved because of their historical significance (significant)
- It is very difficult to work with so many distraction.(distract)
I. Rewrite the sentences nominalising the underlined words. The first one has been done for you.
1. Students work diligently to score well in exams.
- Students work with diligence to score well in exams.
2. We succeeded in our attempt.
- We got success in our attempt.
3. Nalini leads a happy life.
- Nalini leads her life with happiness
4. She failed and it disappointed her.
- She failed and it disappointed her.
5. India became an independent country in the year 1947.
- India got independence in the year 1947
6. The child resembles her father.
- Resemblance of her father is seen in the child
J. Combine the pairs of sentences given below into a single sentence using the noun form of the highlighted words.
1. He is an honest person. Everyone likes him.
- Everyone likes his honesty.
2. Sathya gave an explanation. The police wanted her to prove it.
- The police wanted a proof for Sathya’s explanation,
3. He speaks well. It attracts all.
- His speech creates attraction in all
4. Suresh is always punctual and regular. It has earned him a good job.
- Suresh has earned a good job for his punctuality and regularity,
5. The policeman arrived quickly. It made us happy.
- The quick arrival of the policeman made us happy.
K. Complete the sentences in the paragraph ising the appropriate form of words given in brackets,
1. My sister wanted to go to Mumbai last week. She made a decision (decide) to buy a ticket at once. AS reservation (reserve) could be done online, she gave preference (prefer) to book a ticker that way. First, she collected information (inform) about the arrival (arrive) and department (depart) of trains
2. A few days later, Androcles was captured by his master. He had to suffer all kinds of punishment (punish). At last, he was thrown to a lion which was in great hunger (hungry). It had been kept in an enclosure (enclose) and had not been fed for several days, His friends stood there with tearry (tear) eyes as the lion rushed towards him. The lion stopped near him and stood for a while looked (look) at him. Then it lay down by his side like a per dog, Obviously (obvious), the hon recognized Androcles and the help (help) he had given it
L. Identify the phrases in the following sentences and classify them as Adjective, Adverb or Noun phrases.
- The girl in blue saree is my sister. – in blue saree (noun phrase)
- Kohli hopes to win the trophy – to win the trophy (noun phrase)
- The train halts at every junction. – at every junction (adverb phrase)
- I have never seen such a picture – such a picture (noun phrase)
- She worked in an enthusiastic manner. – in un enthusiastic manner (adjective phrase)
M. Identify the clauses and classify them accordingly.
- Ram bought a pen that doesn’t write well. – that doesn’t write well (noun clause)
- Come back as soon as possible. – as soon as possible (adverb clause)
- Most of her friends whom she had invited attended her wedding. – whom she had invited (adjective clause)
- My brother visits my father whenever he comes to Chennai – whenever he come to chennai (adverb clause)
- Call me in case there is an emergency. – incase ther is an emergency (adverb clause)
- Until the sun sets, the old woman cannot step out of her house.- until the sunsets (adverb clause)
- She knows where I go. – where I go (adverb clause)
- ou can go wherever you want – whenever you want (adverb clause)
Fill in the blanks :
- Login into your irctc account.
- Fill in the information asked to you in book your ticket section.
- The starting point and desination of your journey must also be selected.
- List of available trains will appear.
- You must check on the availability and fair for the train of your choice.
- Your personal details like name, date of birth, berth preference, mobile number. ID Proof and e-mail are a must.
- After filling information and captcha click on continue booking.
- You can make the payment either by credit or debi cards or e-wallets.
Answer the following questions:
1. What did the coach teach the child?
The coach taught the child the basics of the sport as well as special ways to improve and excel.
2. What values did the child learn?
The child learned the value of finishing what he started and job of personal accomplishment,
3. The parents noticed some changes in the child. What were they?
They noticed a transformation of the child from a timid, doubting child to a strong, happy player willing to give all for the team.
4. Read the letter again and write a few lines on each of the following:
a) things that the coach taught….
The coach taught him the basic as well as the special ways to improve and excel in sports.
b) transformation in the child……..
The child transformed from the timid, doubting nature to a strong and happy player.
c) things that amazed the writer……..
The writer was amazed by the skills that the mentor had taught them.
5. Find sentences/words from the text which express the following:
a) The parent’s earlier view of the child
Under your care, 1 have watched him transform from a timid, doubting child to a strong, happy player.
b) One of the qualities of the teacher
encouragement, individual care
c) Words related to prize
medals, trophies, ribbons
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