11th English : The Queen of Boxing
Unit 2.1 > The Queen of Boxing
We use various sports equipment to play different indoor and outdoor games. Now, associate the following sports equipment with their corresponding sports or games.
|spear – Javelin throw||racket – badminton||tennis pawns – chess|
|puck – hockey||stump – cricket||bow & arrow – archery|
|club – Golf||oar – rowing boat||striker – carrom|
|sabre – fencing / sword fighting||dice – Ludo / dice games|
Have you won any medals?
Yes, I got a medal in Hockey / No, so far I have not won any medals.baton – relay race
What are the levels to be accomplished to become an international sportsperson?
|To participate and achieve Zonal level sports or games
||Professional sports athletes need to have
|Various sports fields are Cricket, Badminton, Volleyball, Football, Basketball, Boxing, Gymnastics, Hockey, Table Tennis, Wrestling, Cycling, etc.|
What is your favourite sport? Do you play any sport?
My favourite sport is Football/Chess/Carrom etc. I play cricket, kabbadi and basketball.
In India, the number of women pursuing careers in sports is considerable less, when compared to men. What do you think are the reasons? Discuss with a partner and share the ideas with the class.
The low female participation in sports is evident form that fact that only five women from India have been able to bring home Olympics medals so far Karnam Malleswari, Mary Kom, Saina Newhwal, P.V. Sindhu & Sakshi Malik. There are several constraints applicable to both women and men in sports. For example, the stipend paid to sportswomen (and men) is meagre. We should know that the stipend allotted for practice ranges from Rs. 8 to Rs. 80 per day which is too less. Similarly, the politics and favouritism in the selection procedure; lack of sports infrastructure; lack up funds and coaching related issues are common for both sportsmen and sportswomen.
However, the issues peculiar with sport women include socio-psychological problems; absence of family support in comparison to boys; poverty and economic reasons; security issues and issues of sexual harassment; domestic reasons such as those related to marriage, husband, children and in-laws; social taboos etc.
Regardless of the challenges faced, some women have achieved great success in the field of sports. Here is a list of Indian women celebrities who are accomplished in the field of sports and games. Match their names with the sports or games they are associated with, by drawing lines. One has been done for you as an example.
|Saba Anjum Karim||chess|
|PV Sindhu – badminton||Geeta Phogat – wrestling||Koneru Humpy – chess|
|Karnam Malleshwari – weight lifting||Anjali Bhagwat – shooting||Sania Mirza – tennis|
|Dipika Pallikal – squash||Bula Choudhury – swimming||P.T. Usha – athletics|
|Saba Anjum Karim – hockey||Akanksha Singh – basket ball||Mithali Raj – cricket|
|Sharmila Nicollet – golf||Deepika Kumari – archery|
- princely – very large
- jet lag – a tired and unpleasant feeling, a person experiences, following a long flight through different time zones
- appetite – hunger
- lauded – appreciated
- conviction – firm faith or belief
- sate – satisfy
- palate – sense of taste
- felicitation – congratulatory address
- adulation – appreciation
- etched – imprinted
- speculation – guess
- haul – taking a collection
- amateur x professional
- compulsory x optional
- traditional x modern
- expensive x cheap
- hopeful x desperate
- accepted x refused
2. Based on your reading of the text, answer the following questions in two or three sentences each:
a) How did Mary Kom manage to get financial support for her trip to the USA?
Mary Kom’s father managed to get Rs.2000/- from his source. Her friends met two MPs and got a sum of eight thousand rupees. A little more money had been collected from other source. Thus Mary Kom managed to get financial support for her trip to the USA.
b) Why did Mary Kom think that she should not return empty-handed?
Mary Kom was provided with funds from her well wishers. They had confidence in her and donated liberally. She did not want to upset them. Hence she thought that she should not return empty-handed.
c) What was her first impression of America?
When Mary Kom reached America, it was snowing. Pennyslvania was cold and beautiful. She felt that the people were enormously nice too.
d) Why did she call herself ‘lucky’?
When Mary Kom reached America, She was tired and suffering from jet lag. She did not have any match that day. Since she had time to take rest, she called herself ‘lucky’.
e) According to Mary Kom, what was the reason for her losing in the finals?
In USA, Mary Kom had loss of appetite. She was not accustomed to the food in America. She could not eat. As a result she lost her weight. Probably this was the reason for her losing in the finals.
f) What made her feel confident about the competitive players? Explain.
At the time of her arrival, Mary Kom had time to take rest. And also she kept telling herself that she could face anyone in the ring. This made her feel confident about the competitive players.
g) What difficulty did she experience while eating Chinese food?
In China, Mary Kom was provided with chopsticks to eat meal. She ended up using both her hands to hold the chopstick to pick up the food and push it into her mouth. Though she found difficulty in eating, she enjoyed Chinese food.
h) How was she felicitated on her return to India?
At Delhi, Mary Kom was given a warm welcome at the airport. In Imphal, she was greeted with garlands and drumbeats and dancing. A felicitation programme was held in Langol. There she was given adulation. She was presented with a traditional shawl.
i) What did she consider her greatest achievement? Why?
Mary Kom retained her world title in 2006 by defeating Steluta Duta of Romania 22-7 at the Fourth World Championships in New Delhi. She considered it her greatest achievement because she was able to win at home. The media named her “Queen of Boxing” and “Magnificent Mary”
3. Answer the following questions in a paragraph of about 100 – 150 words each:
i) Describe Mary Kom’s personal experiences during her first International Championship match from the time of selection to winning the medal.
|Title : Queen of Boxing
Authour : Mary Kom
Genre : Autobiography
Theme : Self confidence
Mary Kom, an Indian boxer, was selected in the 48 kg category for the International Boxing Association , World Women’s Boxing Championships in Pennsylvania, USA, in November – December 2001. Mary Kom’s father managed to get Rs.2000/- from his source. Her friends met two MPs and got a sum of eight thousand rupees for her trip. A little more money had been collected from other source. Her well wishers had confidence in her and donated liberally. She did not want to upset them. So she thought that she should not return empty handed. When she reached America, She was tired and suffering from jet lag. She did not have any match that day. She had time to take rest. And also she kept telling herself that she could face anyone in the ring. This made her feel confident about the competitive players. She was qualified for the finals whereas her team mates could not. She was even hopeful of getting the gold. But she had loss of appetite there. She was not accustomed to the food in America. She could not eat. As a result she lost her weight. Probably this was the reason for her losing in the finals. She was quite disappointed. But her coaches were consoled her and lauded her on the silver win. Moreover she was the only one in the team to get a medal. She took away from this championship was the firm belief that she could take on any boxer.
“It has been a tough journey. I carried on with the support of family and friends. Despite the loss today, I am satisfied with the way I performed.”
ii) Lack of adequate financial resources and sponsorships often affect sportspersons. How is this evident from Mary Kom’s life?
|Title : Queen of Boxing
Authour : Mary Kom
Genre : Autobiography
Theme : Self confidence
Mary Kom, an Indian boxer, was selected in the 48 kg category for the International
Boxing Association , World Women’s Boxing Championships in Pennsylvania, USA, in
November – December 2001. Mary Kom’s father managed to get Rs.2000/- from his source.
Her friends met two MPs and got a sum of eight thousand rupees for her trip. A little more
money had been collected from other source. Her well wishers had confidence in her and
donated liberally. She did not want to upset them. So she thought that she should not return
empty handed. She came back with a silver medal. But she was not happy over this. She
determined to get gold for India. The silver in Pennsylvania and prize money from the
government had put an end to her immediate financial worries. But she wanted a job since it
would provide a steady and security income. When she was getting married she had no savings
except a couple of life insurance policies. In 2005, Manipur government offered her a sub
inspector job. Subsequently she got rid of her financial problems.
iii) Why was Mary Kom named the ‘Queen of Boxing’ and ‘Magnificent Mary?”
|Title : Queen of Boxing
Authour : Mary Kom
Genre : Autobiography
Theme : Self confidence
From 2001 to 2004 Mary Kom won several golds. She participated in many International Championships and bagged many medals. In the mean time she got married. Everyone was doubtful about her medal hauls. But after the marriage she took part in and won a gold in the Third and Fourth World Women’s Boxing Championships in October 2005 and November 2006. She retained her world title in 2006 by defeating Steluta Duta of Romania 22 – 7 at the fourth World Championships in New Delhi. She considered it one of her greatest achievements. It was the most memorable for she was able to win at home. She got hat-trick win of world Championship. So the media named her the ‘Queen of Boxing’ and ‘Magnificent Mary’. “You don’t have to be in a boxing ring to be a great fighter. As long as you are true to yourself, you will succeed in your fight for that in which you believe.” ― Muhammad Ali
Gist of the lesson
- Mary Kom was an Indian boxer.
- She participated in World Women’s Boxing Championships in Pennsylvania, USA in 2001.
- Though she suffered a lot, she got a silver medal.
- From 2001 to 2004, She participated in many games and won several golds.
- She got married and everyone was doubtful about her medal hauls.
- But after her marriage, she won a gold in the 3rd and 4th World Championships.
- She retained her world title in 2006 in New Delhi.
- She considered it one of her greatest achievements.
- She got hat-trick win of world Championship.
- So the media named her ‘Queen of Boxing’ and ‘Magnificent Mary’.
- RSC – Referee Stopped Contest.
- USA – United States of America
- AIBA – Association Internationale de Boxe Amateur
Write the expanded forms of the following abbreviations we commonly come across in our daily life.
- IELTS – International English Language Testing System
- GST – Goods and Services Tax
- TNPSC – Tamil Nadu Public Service Commission
- STD – Subscribers Trunk Dialing
- ISD – International Subscribers’ Dialing
- MBA – Master of Business Administration
- MHRD – Ministry of Human Resource Development
- GPS – Global Positioning System
- NSS – National Service Scheme
- PTA – Parent Teacher Association
- NGO – Non Governmental Organisation
- ICU – Intensive Care Unit
- IIM – Indian Institute of Management
- MRI – Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- ECG – Electro Cardio Gram
- NCC – National Cadet Corps
- LED – Light Emitting Diode
- CPU – Central Processing Unit
- CBSE – Central Board of Secondary Education
- GDP – Gross Domestic Product
- LCD – Liquid Crystal Display
- NRI – Non Resident Indian
- IIT – Indian Institute of Technology
- ITI – Industrial Training Institute
B. Form the opposites of the words given below by prefixing ‘un’, ‘in’, ‘dis’, ‘ir’, ‘il’ appropriately.
C. Idioms related to Sports
The world of sports has given us many idiomatic expressions like ‘blow-by-blow.’ Read the description of each of the idioms given below. Then match these idioms with their meaning given in the box.
|throw in the towel||state of near collapse or defeat|
|in our corner||unfair or unsporting behavior|
|on the ropes||prepare for a conflict|
|below the belt||on your side in an argument or dispute|
|square off||to give up|
|Ans : 1 – e, 2 – d, 3 – a, 4 – b, 5 – c|
Read the questions based on the running commentary of a cricket match. Then, listen to the running commentary of the match read out by your teacher or played on the recorder and tick the right answers.
i) Who faced the first ball in the 49th over?
Ans : Yuvraj
ii) Which batsman hit a sixer?
Ans : Dhoni
iii) Where was the match held?
Ans : Mumbai
iv) Who were popularly called ‘The Finishers’?
- Dhoni and Yuvaraj
- Bajji and Malinga
- Gambhir and Yuvaraj
- Perara and Malinga
Ans : Dhoni and Yuvaraj
v) How many runs did India need to win the match in the last four overs?
Ans : 27
Encoding is the process by which data (facts, figures, etc.) is presented in a non-verbal form, i.e., as tables, graphs, etc.
Decoding is the process by which graphic representations such as tables and graphs are interpreted so that the data is made meaningful to the readers.
i) Represent the other paragraphs in a visual form of your choice. (flow chart, mind map, pie – chart etc,)
- Two teams
- Each team has seven players
The objective of the game
- For a single player on offence referred as a “raider”
- tag out as many of their defenders as possible,
- and return to their own half of the court – all without being tackled by the defenders.
Points are scored for each player tagged by the raider, while the opposing team earns a
point for stopping the raider.
- The raider should hold his breath and
- utter the words like “kabbadi kabbadi, hututu hututu, chadu kudu” etc. while the opponents try to catch him.
- If he stops uttering these words, he is considered out.
- Players are taken out of the game if they are tagged or tackled,
- but can be “revived” for each point scored by their team from a tag or tackle.
ii) Choose the correct option:
1. A contact sport usually involves a_______ contact between players.
Ans : physical
2. Kabbadi is a game played between__________.
- seven teams of two players
- two teams of seven players
- four teams of seven players
Ans : two teams of seven players
3. A single ___________.
- player on offence is referred to as a raider.
- offence is referred to as a raider.
- raider is an offence by the player.
Ans : player on offence is referred to as a raider.
iii) Answer the following:
1. How does a raider score points for his team?
A raider scores points for his team by tagging players of the opponent team.
2. When does a raider concede a point to the opponent team?
When a raider is being stopped by the opponent team he concedes a point to the opponent team.
3. Can a player be revived when he / she is out of the game? Explain your answer.
Yes, a player can be revived for each point scored by their team from a tag or tackle when he / she is out of the game.
4. Kabaddi is called by different names in different parts of India. Do you know how Pallankuzhi is called in Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Kerala?
Pallankuzhi is called as Ali guli mane in Karnataka, Vamana guntalu in Andhrapradesh and Kuzhipara in Kerala.
A. Choose the correct word to complete the following sentences:
1. We are not completely sure but Kishore_________ come back tomorrow.
Ans : may
2. When Koushik was a child, he ________ play in the street.
- used to
Ans : used to
3. ________ I have some more juice, please?
Ans : Could
4. I ________ believe my eyes. Is Santhosh the one who is standing over there?
Ans : can’t
5. Dinesh __________ be the richest person in the village. He’s just bought two luxury cars.
- may not
Ans : must
6. Imran ________ have studied more for the final exam than playing.
Ans : would
7. My house _________ decorating as I’m tired of the old furniture.
Ans : need
8. I ________ rather request you to check my exercise before giving it to the teacher.
- ought to
Ans : would
9. ___________ I use your mobile phone? It’s an emergency.
Ans : May
10. In schools, students _________ wear uniforms. It is compulsory.
Ans : must
11. Nirmala’s daughter _____________write perfectly when she was seven.
Ans : could
12. I _________ let you know when I have more information about the matter.
Ans : shall
B) Practise your modal verbs. Look at these signs and write down the rules, regulations or advice they convey using the modal verbs given below.
can – could – may – might – must – ought to – shall – should – will – would
- You must wear goggles in this area. Chemicals may attack your eyes.
- You should buckle up the seat belt while driving. You will be safe.
- You should not enter here, since this is a private property.
- You must not enter here, otherwise you might meet with an accident by falling material.
- You can get information from this office. It would help you in future.
- You ought to save the energy by closing the air-conditioned room doors while you leave.
- You should not loitering here, since this is an unsafe area.
- You can use this way to exit at the time of fire in this place.
- You should not enter in this way.
- You should be cautious while walking here. This floor is slippery.
- You must not enter here. Otherwise you will be prosecuted.
- While lifting this pack, we shall bend our knees. It could save from back pain.
C) Read the following passage
I thought I will go to British Museum today to read the treatment for some slight ailment of which I had a touch. I ____(1)_______ read all I wanted to read and then felt I _____(2)______ begin to study diseases. I started to generally turn the leaves idly. I came to typhoid fever, read the symptoms and discovered I ______(3)_____ be having it for months without knowing it. Cholera, I had severe complications. Diphtheria, I _____(4)______ have been born with. I was relieved to find that Bright’s disease, I had only in a modified form as so far as that was concerned, I ____(5)_______ live for years. The only disease I _____(6)______ conclude I had not got was a housemaid’s knee. I sat and pondered. I tried to feel my heart. I _____(7)______ (not feel) my heart. I walked into the reading room as a happy healthy man but crawled out as a decrepit wreck.
Ans : 1 – shall, 2 – will, 3 – would, 4 – might, 5 – would, 6 – can or could, 7 – could not
This seat is not very comfortable to sit_________.
Ans : in
My father gave me some pictures to look_________.
Ans : at
Was it worth waiting _________?
Ans : for
A) Fill in the blanks in the following sentences with appropriate prepositions.
i) In case _________ difficulty, you should refer _________ a dictionary and then respond
_________ the question.
Ans : of, to, to
ii) The clothes that he has put _________are very impressive. He is going _________ his hometown to pay homage _________the village head
Ans : on, to, to
iii) The nearest hospital _________this place is _________ a distance of twenty kilometers. You can reach it either_________ car or _________ a bicycle.
Ans : to, at, by, by
B) Complete the following paragraph by filling in the blanks with suitable prepositions.
Mr. Beek of New Jersey has invented a floating life-preserver, which gives complete protection ____(1)_____ people who have been shipwrecked. The upper section is large enough for the wearer to be able to move his head and arms ____(2)____, and a month’s supply ____(3)_____ food and drinking water can also be stored ____(4)_____ it. The cover can be closed in rough weather, and the wearer can see ___(5)______ the window in the front, and breathe ____(6)_____ a curved pipe. The life preserver is made ____(7)_____ water proof cloth attached ____(8)_____ circular metal tubes, which protect the wearer ____(9)_____ sharp rocks and hungry fish.
Ans : 1 – to, 2 – up, 3 – for, 4 – in, 5 – through, 6 – over, 7 – of, 8 – to, 9 – with
C) Fill in the blanks in the following sentences, using prepositions if necessary.
(i) The new machines are quite different _________ the old ones. They are able to work _________ a much faster pace, a substantially reduced risk _________ the environment.
Ans : from, with, to
(ii) The students discussed the problem _____ themselves. However, they did not arrive ____any conclusion. They went ____ their class teacher and discussed____ her. She gave a solution ____ it and they were happy.
Ans : among, to, to, with, to
D) Do you know what happened to the Titanic, the largest ship to sail then? She hit an iceberg and sank into the Atlantic Ocean. Now choose the right word and complete the paragraph. Read the paragraph aloud.
The wreck (1) _________ (up/of) the RMS Titanic lies (2) _________ ( in/at)a depth of (3) _________ (about/ above) 12,500 feet about 370 miles south east (4) _________ (of/off) the coast of Newfoundland. It lies (5) _________ (in/on) two main pieces about a third (6) _________ (of/off) a mile apart. The bow is still largely recognizable (7) _________ (with/ within) many preserved interiors, despite the damage it sustained hitting the sea floor. A debris field (8) _________ (of/for) the wreck contains thousands (9)_________ (on/ of) items spilled (10) _________ (from/of) the ship as it sank. She sank (11) _________ (in/at) the year 1912.
Ans : 1 – up, 2 – in, 3 – above, 4 – off, 5 – on, 6 – off, 7 – with, 8 – of, 9 – of, 10 – from. 11 – in
E) Solve the crossword using the clues given on page 54.
2. We fought _________ the measure. (7)
Ans : against
7. The cat jumped _________ the table. (4)
Ans : onto
9. The cat climbed _________ the tree. (2)
Ans : up
10. My story is shorter _________ yours. (4)
Ans : than
11. Cats are _________ dogs. (6)
Ans : unlike
13. Put the cookie _________ the jar. (2)
Ans : in
14. Let’s walk _________ the park. (7)
Ans : through
16. The vegetables were planted ________ the apple tree. (6)
Ans : beside
17. Banu sings _________ a bird. (4)
Ans : like
18. My story is _________ my pets.(5)
Ans : about
19. Subash is the president _________ our class. (2)
Ans : of
20. We live _________ the river. (2)
Ans : by
21. Let’s walk _________ class together. (4)
Ans : into
22. The bank is _________ the park. (8)
Ans : opposite
23. We live _________ the city limits. (6)
Ans : with in
25. I saw John waving _________ the crowd. (5)
Ans : above
28. I am more cautious _________ the fall. (5)
Ans : since
29. I have a present _________ you. (3)
Ans : for
31. We strolled _________ the river. (5)
Ans : along
32. He ran _________ us. (7)
Ans : between
33. The leaves had collected _______ the trees (7)
Ans : beneath
1. I put the book _______ the table. (4)
Ans : upon
2. Please treat us _______ equals. (2)
Ans : as
3. Desert will be served _______ dinner. (5)
Ans : after
4. My house is _______ the school. (4)
Ans : near
5. We walked _______ the store. (2)
Ans : to
6. No eating _______ class. (6)
Ans : during
8. The book fell _______ my desk. (3)
Ans : off
11. I will not leave _______ the speech is finished. (5)
Ans : until
12. The store is open everyday _______ Sunday. (3)
Ans : not
15. The dog is _______ the house. (7)
Ans : outside
16. The cat is hiding _______ my bed. (5)
Ans : below
19. The cat jumped _______ the dog. (4)
Ans : over
20. He is hiding _______ the bookcase. (6)
Ans : behind
22. Dinner is _______ the table. (2)
Ans : on
24. I put my hands _______ my Pockets. (6)
Ans : inside
26. We will eat _______ the play. (6)
Ans : before
27. The cat is sleeping _______ the bed. (5)
Ans : under
29. This letter is _______ my aunt. (4)
Ans : from
30. We ran _______ the other kids. (4)
Ans : past
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