11th English : Forgetting
Unit 3.1 > Forgetting
- vintage – wine of high quality produced in a particular year
- antipathy – strong dislike
- fortunes – huge sums of money
- reluctant – unwilling
- delinquent – a young person who is regularly involved in wrongdoing
- exploits – daring or heroic acts or actions, feats
- abstracted – lacking concentration on what is happening around
- prosaic – dull
- mediocre – not very good, ordinary
- fallible – capable of making mistakes
- sieve – strainer or filter
- audacious – bold and daring
- eccentric – tending to act strangely
- indignant – being very angry
- quivering – trembling, shivering
- vexation – irritation, annoyance
1. Based on the understanding of the essay, answer the following questions in one or two sentences each.
a) What does Lynd actually wonder at?
Lynd actually wonders at the efficiency of human memory.
b) Name few things that a person remembers easily.
A person easily remembers telephone numbers, addresses of his friends, dates of a good vintage, appointments of lunch and dinner, names of actors, actresses, cricketers, football players and murderers.
c) How do psychologists interpret forgetfulness?
Psychologists say that people forget things because they want to forget them. If we have aversion for something we forget it.
d) What is the commonest type of forgetfulness according to Lynd?
According to Lynd the commonest type of forgetfulness is to post letters.
e) What does the author mean when he says the letter in his pocket leads an unadventurous life?
The letter is kept in the pocket and it is totally forgotten and it stays in the pocket for a long time till someone asks about the letter.
f) What are the articles the author forgets most often?
Books, walking sticks and umbrella are the articles the author forgets most often.
g) Who are the citizens of ‘dreamland’? Why?
The players are the citizens of ‘dreamland’. After the game they think about what happened in the playground.
h) What is common about the ‘angler’ and the ‘poet’?
The common thing about the ‘angler’ and the ‘poet’ is that they forget about their things. It is because their mind is filled with some serious and glorious matters.
2. Based on your reading answer the following questions in two to four sentences each.
a) What made people wonder about the absentmindedness of their fellow beings?
A list of articles lost by railway travellers was published. When people read the list they wondered about the absentmindedness of their fellow beings.
b) What are our memories filled with?
Our memories are filled with the names of actors, actresses, cricketers, football players and murderers. Moreover we remember the name of the hotel where we had an unpleasant meal and all the items of our dress. Normally we do not forget to shut the door when we leave the house.
c) When does human memory work with less than its usual capacity?
Human memory works less than its usual capacity when it comes to the case of taking medicine. It is easy to remember because medicine is connected to our food. But we forget it many a time.
d) Why according to Lynd, should taking medicines be one of the easiest actions to remember?
Taking medicine should be one of the easiest actions to remember. Medicine is supposed to be taken during, before or after meal. The meal itself should be a reminder for taking medicine.
e) How do the chemists make fortunes out of the medicines people forget to take?
Most of the people forget to take medicine. Because of this they will buy medicine again and again. Moreover their disease will not get cured without the medicine. So they have to buy another set of medicine. In this way chemists make their fortunes.
f) The list of articles lost in trains suggests that sportsmen have worse memories than their ordinary serious-minded fellows. Why does Lynd say this?
When the sportsmen return from the games their imagination is still filled with the vision of the playing-field. They recall their exploits in their mind. They are not connected with the outside world. So they forget to take the ball and bat with them when they leave the train.
g) What kind of absent-mindedness is considered as a virtue by Lynd?
The anglers and poets fill their mind with more glorious matters than the ordinary things. Such absentmindedness is considered a virtue. They often make the best of their life so they do not remember the ordinary things.
h) Narrate the plight of the baby on its day out.
The baby was taken out in a perambulator by its father. On his way home he wanted to get into a store. So he left the pram outside and entered the store. After finishing his work he came out through another door and went back home forgetting the child. The mother happened to come on that way and was shocked to see the abandoned baby. She pushed the pram home thinking that the father would be worried about the missing baby. But when he came home he asked her what she had for lunch. He totally forgot about the baby.
3. Answer the following in a paragraph of about 100 – 150 words each.
a) You have borrowed a branded cricket bat from your reluctant friend for an outstation match. After returning home you realise you have absent-mindedly left it in the hotel room. Write a letter of apology and regret to your friend.
27, Nethaji Road,
7th August 2018.
Thank you so much for having given me your cricket bat. I played well with your bat and I am sure your bat was a lucky bat to me. As you know, we won the match and my contribution was great. After the prize distribution we went to our hotel room and took rest for some time. Then we were talking about our exploits and we were enjoying ourselves. We packed everything and were waiting for our cab to come to go to the railway station. Within a short time the cab came and we all ran happily to get our places. In the cab also we were talking about the match. When I got into the train it started moving. Then I realised my blunder. I forgot to pick up your bat from the hotel room. Immediately I tried to contact the manager and told him about this. He promised me to help. I really feel sorry for this. I know how much you love that bat and you gave me just to help me. I hope we will get back the bat. I request you to forgive me for this. When I reach our village I will meet you. Sorry for the trouble I have created.
Your loving friend,
b) Kahilil Gibran states ‘Forgetfulness is a form of freedom.’ Write an article for your school magazine, linking your ideas logically and giving appropriate examples.
‘Forgetfulness is a form of freedom’. It may sound little funny because we curse ourselves if we forget something. Good memory power is always appreciated. In the period of our study we always want to remember what we learn. We feel sorry if we forget our lessons in the exam hall. But in many other cases, forgetfulness is a blessing. Certain unpleasant experience in our memory will be a thorn to us. It will be pricking us all the time. If we forget that we will be free of that unpleasant experience. Such situation occurs very often in our life. Maybe a failure in our life, this will be spoiling our happiness and it will be a block for further positive thinking. Some family may lose one of the members and it will be a trying experience for the whole family. They cannot go on living with that sad experience throughout their life. Slowly they will be free of that sad feeling. Loss of a job will also give some problem. But when we forget this we will be free to search for a job. We might land up in a better job. So Gibran is right in saying ‘Forgetting is a form of freedom.’
c) Will you sympathise or ridicule someone who is intensely forgetful? Write an essay justifying your point.
The people who forget very often are normally ridiculed because they lose many opportunities in life to grow. In public life they are not treated well. Even in his family, others will not have confidence in him. He may not be entrusted with any serious work. In some cases highly intelligent people who have some great ideas in their mind forget trivial things. The trivial things may affect the family. For example a wife entrusts on her husband to pay the electricity bill on the last day; but he comes back home without paying the bill. He must have been thinking about something great in his mind. But the family will suffer because of his forgetfulness. In such cases the family people should have good understanding of the person and they should not believe him for doing such things like paying electricity, or telephone bill. Here a question arises – whether such people should be sympathised with or ridiculed. If his forgetfulness is due to the preoccupied mind it is a case to be sympathised with but if it is a habit it is a case to be ridiculed.
A. Homophones and Heteronyms.
l Homonyms are two or more words that have same pronunciation but different meanings. They are of two types:
l Homographs are words with same spelling and same sound but different in meanings.
- park – a piece of public land for recreation
- park – to leave a vehicle in a particular place
- bat – a sport equipment for hitting the ball
- bat – a mammal
l Homophones are two or more words with the same sound but with different spellings and meanings.
- dear – a loved one
- deer – a wild animaones
l Homophones are two or more words with the same sound but with different spellings and meanings.
- dear – a loved one
- deer – a wild animal
l Heteronyms also known as heterophones are two or more words with same spelling but different sounds and meanings.
- lead – a metal
- lead – guide
- minute – a period of time
- minute – very small
Complete the sentences by choosing a suitable word from those given in the brackets.
- Nobody can say whether there will be an improvement in the weather. (whether / weather)
- Your ring is loose. Do not lose it. (loose / lose)
- We found a packet of biscuit in the old man’s shirt pocket. (pocket / packet)
- When the pole vaulter cleared 28 feet it was declared a record feat. (feet / feat)
- Explain the quote ‘Cut your coat according to your cloth.’ (coat / quote)
- The stranger paused for a moment before he passed my house. (paused / passed)
- The weary dancer turned wiry after final performance. (weary / wiry)
- The chain that I presented to my sister was not made of gold; it was just gilt. I am suffering from a sense of guilt. (guilt / gilt)
Form meaningful sentences using the given words to bring out at least two different meanings.
- She got into the train to go to the seminar to train the students.
- When the mother tears open the letter from her son, tears well up in her eyes.
- When the wind was blowing outside they wind the key of his watch.
- The light was on and I saw a light figure in the room.
- He took the file to file all the papers.
- I cannot bear the noise of the bear.
B. Clipped Words
l We came across the word ‘perambulator’ in the last paragraph of the story. The word ‘perambulator’ can also be expressed as ‘pram’ in short. The word ‘perambulator’ is an unclipped word and the word ‘pram’ is a clipped word.
What are clipped words?
Clipped words are words that are formed by dropping one or more syllables from longer words without changing the meaning. Clipping is forming new words by shortening long words. We usually use them while speaking or in informal speech.
- aeroplane – plane
- examination – exam
- demarcate – mark
Write the clipped and unclipped forms of the given words and complete the table.
Now, refer to a dictionary and match the professions with their relevant job descriptions
|1) pathologist||a) studies languages and their structure|
|2) ornithologist||b) studies atmosphere, weather and climate|
|3) entomologist||c) studies the matter that constitutes the earth|
|4) archaeologist||d) studies earthquakes|
|5) sociologist||e) studies reptiles and amphibians|
|6) geologist||f) studies functioning of human society|
|7) linguist||g) studies artefacts and physical remains|
|8) seismologist||h) studies birds|
|9) herpetologist||i) studies insects|
|10) meteorologist||j) studies disease|
|Ans : 1 – j, 2 – h, 3 – i, 4 – g, 5 – f, 6 – c, 7 – a, 8 – d, 9 – e, 10 – b|
Fill the blanks choosing the words from the box. Refer to a dictionary if required.
e.g. My brother buys a load of books at the book fair every year. He is a great lover of books and has a huge collection at home. He is a bibliophile.
i. Peter always refuses alcohol, when it is offered to him at parties and takes a soft drink instead. He says he always has abstained and will always abstain from alcohol as it is a matter of principle for him. We can call Peter a ________.
Ans : teetotaler
ii. Aruna always looks at the bright side of things. Even in the face of misfortune, she firmly believes that everything will work out for the best in the end. Aruna is an__________.
Ans : Optimist
iii. The rich industrialist donated a huge sum of money to set up a public library in his native village. He is a ________ and a social reformer.
Ans : philanthropist
iv. The Chairperson of our company keeps travelling all over the world to attend conferences and we call her a __________.
Ans : globetrotter
v. Antony has the amazing ability to use both his hands, equally well. He can write, draw and perform various other tasks with equal speed and efficiency with his left as well as his right hand. Antony is ___________.
Ans : ambidextrous
vi. Due to some disturbing incidents in her childhood, Neetu grew into a reclusive adult. She tends to keep aloof and avoids all kinds of social activities. Neetu is a ________.
Ans : misanthrope
vii. Tharini acts as an interpreter at meetings between statesmen from different countries. She is also a much sought-after tour guide, as she is well-versed and fluent in multiple languages. Tharini is a ________.
Ans : polyglot
viii. My grandparents are in their nineties. I am glad that this _________ couple is active, cheerful and in good health.
Ans : nonagenarian
ix. Richard Burton was a gifted theatre artist. He donned several roles with ease and is especially famous for the Shakespearean parts he played on stage. Mr. Burton is a born __________.
Ans : thespian
x. The Chairman of this concern seems to derive pleasure from inflicting pain on others. He humiliates and hurts his subordinates for no reason. He is a real __________.
Ans : sadist
d) Find the antonyms of the following words in the puzzle and shade them with a pencil. The first one has been done for you
- seldom × often
- vile × good
- admitted × denied
- indignant × delighted
- methodical × disorderly
- relish × hate
- reality × fantasy
- fact × fiction
- virtue × vice
A. First, read the incomplete sentences given below. Listen to two interesting anecdotes about two scientists, that your teacher will read aloud or play on the recorder. Then, based on your understanding, complete the sentences suitably.
i. Edison travelled to New Jersey by _______.
Ans : train
ii. The station master enquired Edison if ________________.
Ans : he had left anything behind
iii. Edison raced back to the car, when he saw _____________.
Ans : his newly wedded wife
iv. Albert Einstein was working in ____________.
Ans : Princeton University
v. One day, when he was going back home, he _________________.
Ans : forgot his home address
vi. Einstein asked the cab driver if he knew _____________.
Ans : Einstein’s home
vii. The driver was so good that he __________________.
Ans : refused to charge Einstein
Work with a partner and take turns to share your views and suggestions with the class.
i) You are travelling in a train. When the Train Ticket Examiner enters your compartment, much to your shock, you realise you have forgotten to bring your train ticket. How will you handle the situation?
It is an embarrassing situation. I spent the money for the ticket and received the ticket also. But I could not produce to the right person at the right time. I will try to explain to him the real situation. The trip chart has my name and the ticket number. I have the identity card to prove I am the person holding that particular ticket. But as a rule I have to show the ticket also to the TTR. It is not an E-ticket so it is not in my mail. The only way is to pay the fine and travel.
ii) You forget to wish your friend on his/her birthday. He gets very angry. How will you try to pacify him/her? Construct a dialogue of about 4 to 5 exchanges and enact a role play!
Shanthi : Hi, Belated happy birthday wishes. Many more happy returns of the day
Nirmala : You are my best friend but you forgot to wish me on my birthday.
Shanthi : I am really sorry for that. I had the visit of my aunt and uncle from the US and they left only at night.
Nimala : I know you did not have any work to do because of that. Don’t give me any excuse.
Shanthi : Really I tell you I was very busy taking care of them especially two children.
Niramla : Yes I remember they have two children; they must be grown up now.
Shanthi : I am happy at least now you understand me.
Nirmals : Still I am angry with you; but anyway you are my best friend. So let us be happy.
iii) ‘Forgetfulness is the beginning of happiness.’ Do you agree or disagree? Discuss in the class.
In certain cases it is true to say forgetfulness is the beginning of happiness. It may sound little funny because we curse ourselves if we forget something. Good memory power is always appreciated. In the period of our study we always want to remember what we learn. We feel sorry if you forget our lessons in the exam hall. But in many other cases forgetfulness is a blessing. Certain unpleasant experience in our memory will be a thorn to us. It will be pricking us all the time. If we forget that we will be free of that unpleasant experience. So forgetfulness is the beginning of happiness.
iv) Is there a link between intelligence and absent-mindedness? Share your views on this subject.
Yes, there is a link between intelligence and absent-mindedness. Usually absent minded people are poets, philosophers and scientists. We see such characters in Edison and Einstein. When our mind is filled with some glorious things we forget some trivial things like switching off the lights, posting letters etc. So people with high intelligence become absent minded. The people with low intelligence cannot remember anything and they should be helped by others.
Now, read the following biographical extract on Sujatha Rangarajan, a Sciencefiction writer, and answer the questions that follow.
1. Sujatha is the allonym of the Tamil author S. Rangarajan and it is this name that is recognised at once by the Tamil SciFi reading community. You might have seen the Tamil movie ‘Endiran’ where the robot Chitti exhibits extraordinary talents in an incredible manner. The robot could excel a human being in any act, beyond one’s imagination. Jeeno, a robotic dog which appeared in Sujatha’s science fiction novel “En Iniya Iyandhira” (My Dear Robot) formed the basis of Chitti’s character. Like Chitti, Jeeno was an allrounder who could cook, clean and fight. High-tech computer technology terms are used in the story. Jeeno, a pet robot, plays an important role throughout the story. As the story proceeds, it behaves and starts to think on its own like a human and instructs Nila, a human being, on how to proceed further in her crises.
2. In the preface of ‘En Iniya Iyandhira’, the writer states the reason for his attraction to the genre: “Science gives us the wonderful freedom to analyse thousands and thousands of alternative possibilities. While using it, and while playing with its new games, a writer needs to be cautious only about one thing. The story should draw some parallels or association from the emotions and desires of the present humankind. Only then it becomes interesting. Jeeno, the robot dog, was intelligent. But the character became popular only because of the robot’s frequently displayed human tendencies.” It is no wonder that all his works echo these words and will remain etched in the minds of the readers who enjoy reading his novels to have a wonderful lifetime experience.
3. It was Sujatha, who set the trend for sci-fi stories. He had tracked the origin from Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein to his short stories. He has written 50 sci-fi short stories and these were published in various Tamil magazines. His stories have inspired many readers to extend their reading to English sci-fi writers like Isaac Asimov. The themes were bold, even if there was a dependence on very well – established characterisation of English fiction. Sujatha opened up a new world to us with his writings on holograms, computers and works like ‘En Iniya Iyanthira’ inspire many to study computer science.
4. He has been one of the greatest writers for more than four decades. He combined reasoning and science in his writings. Being a multifaceted hi-fi and sci-fi humanistic author, he expressed his views distinctively. He was the one who took Tamil novels to the next level. As an MIT alumnus and an engineer at BHEL, he was very good at technology. He could narrate sci-fi stories impressively. His readers always enjoyed reading all his detective and sci-fi novels which featured the mostfamous duo ‘Ganesh’ and ‘Vasanth’.
5. Sujatha has played a crucial role as a playwright for various Tamil movies which have fascinated movie lovers. Hence, it is fathomable that the writer’s perspective of future India enthuses every reader and paves a new way to reading sci-fi stories in English.
A. Answer the following questions in a sentence or two.
i) How was Jeeno different from other robots?
Jeeno was different from other robots because it behaves and thinks like a human and it instructs the humans.
ii) What precaution should one take while writing Science fiction stories?
The writer of science fiction should be cautious about one thing. The story should draw some parallels or association from the emotions and desires of the present humankind.
iii) What inspired Sujatha’s themes?
Sujatha took inspiration from Mary Shelly’s Frankenstein.
iv) Why were Sujatha’s sci-fi stories impressive?
Sujatha’s stories were impressive because the themes were bold. He opened up a new world to the readers with his writings on holograms and computers.
B. Find words from the passage which mean the same as the following.
- difficult to believe (para 1) – incredible
- a style or category of art, music or literature (para 2) – genre
- having many sides (para 4) – multifaceted
- capable of being understood (para 5) – fathomable
l We use the active form to say what the subject does.
e.g. : I speak English everyday.
l We use the passive form to say what happens to people and things – to say what is done to them.
e.g. : English is spoken by me everyday.
A. Identify the changes in these pairs of active and passive constructions.
1. The pilot flew the airplane to Bengaluru.
The airplane was flown to Bengaluru by the pilot.
The first sentence has ‘the pilot’ as its Active subject. The ‘airplane’ is its Active object. The verb ‘flew’ is an Active verb. The importance is given to ‘the doer’ ie. The Active subject
The second sentence has ‘the airplane’ as its Passive subject. The verb ‘was flown’ is the passive verb. The Active subject becomes the Passive object.
2. The bananas were eaten by the monkeys.
The monkeys ate the bananas.
1st sentence :
- the bananas – Passive subject
- were eaten – Passive verb
- the monkeys – Passive object
2nd Sentence :
- the monkeys – Active subject
- ate – Active verb
- the bananas – Active object
B. Change the voice of the following sentences.
1. Mohammed follows the rules
The rules are followed by Mohammed.
2. Mohan has completed the course.
The course has been completed by Mohan.
3. Magdalene is singing the prayer.
The prayer is being sung by Magdalene.
4. Who wrote this complaint?
By whom was this complaint written?
5. May God bless you with happiness!
May you be blessed by God with happiness!
6. A house is being constructed by them.
They are constructing a house.
7. Let the door not be slammed.
Don’t slam the door.
8. The team was trained by the coach.
The coach trained the team.
C. Make sentences using the passive forms of the verbs.
1. Tagore / award / Nobel Prize
Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize.
2. IIM Ahmedabad / establish / 1961
IIM Ahmedabad was established in 1961.
3. Chattisgarh / form / 2000
Chattisgarh was formed in 2000.
4. First passenger train / inaugurated / India / 1853
The First passenger train was inaugurated in India in 1853.
5. Indian Airlines / set up / 1953
The Indian Airlines was set up in 1953.
D. Look at the newspaper items given below. Use the information in the headlines to complete the sentence.
1. HEAVY RAINS LASH CHENNAI
……………………… threw normal life out of gear.
Ans : Heavy rains
2. NEET CLASSES TO BEGIN ON SEP. 20TH
The Centre co-ordinator informed the candidates …………………… Sept. 20th
Ans : that the NEET classes will begin on
3) 12 INJURED AS BUSES COLLIDE
About ……………………at the Dindigul bus terminus here today
Ans : twelve people were injured as two private buses collided
E. Expand the following news headlines in a sentence.
1. Municipal elections in December
Municipal elections will be held in December.
2. Telephone customers to get video phone
There is a chance for telephone customers to get video phones.
3. Card license to replace paper driving license
Within a short time card license will replace paper driving license.
4. ATM without security guard to close
The Central Government asked the banks to close down the ATMs without security guard.
F. Describing a process.
Anu and her little brother want to refresh themselves with a hot cup of tea during study time. Help them prepare tea. Given below are the steps/instructions to make two cups of tea.
- Boil two glasses of water in a vessel.
- Add two tea-spoons of tea leaves and ½ a cup of milk.
- Cover the vessel with a lid.
- Filter the tea and pour in cups.
- Add 2 teaspoons of sugar and stir it.
- Serve hot.
1. Complete the passage by filling the blanks with the passive forms of the verbs.
The water should be boiled in a vessel. Then tea leaves and milk are added to water. The vessel is covered with a lid. The tea is filtered and poured into the cups. Sugar is added and stirred. The tea is served hot.
2. Here is a recipe to make chocolate cake in a pressure cooker. Rewrite the instructions in passive voice.
- The flour, cocoa powder and baking powder are first sifted in a mixing bowl.
- Butter, sugar, salt, water and vanilla are added and the ingredients are beaten using a whisk.
- Eggs are added and the batter is beaten until it is smooth.
- The batter is transferred into a baking tin.
- The pressure cooker covered with a lid is heated without pressure for 3-4 minutes on high heat. Then the cake tin is placed in the empty cooker. (Water is not added in the cooker.)
- Lid is closed (without pressure), the flame is lowered and it is let to be cooked for about 30 minutes.
3. Write the process of wrapping a Christmas gift in a paragraph in passive form, with the help of the pictures given below
Gift is placed in a rectangular box. Thus it is made far easier to wrap than oddly-shaped items. Amount of paper needed is measured. Gift paper is placed on the box, loose end is wrapped up and over and a cut is made. Gift paper is placed face down and centered on the box. First edge is brought up and tapped in place on to box, then other side is brought up and tapped in place. The sides are folded in against the edge of the box, and the diagonal flaps created by you are creased. Top edge is folded and tapped to the box. Then bottom edge is folded up and tapped. A gift tag, bow and ribbon are added to really class up your Christmas gift. Your recipients will be impressed.
Subject and Verb Agreement (Concord)
When you write a sentence you must make sure that the subject and the verb agree.
Subject-verb agreement is the correspondence of a verb with its subject in person and number. The basic rule states that a singular subject takes a singular verb, while a plural subject takes a plural verb.
- after people, police, cattle, a number of, a group of
- when subject has two nouns joined by ‘and’
- few, many, several, both, all, some
- scissors, tweezers, trousers, shorts, jeans, glasses Always Singular Page: 81
- after ‘one of, a kind of, a type of’
- units of measurement and mathematical expressions
- when the subject has two singular nouns joined by ‘or’
- nouns connected with each of, each one, either of, neither of, someone, something, anybody, anything, no one,nothing, everybody, everything
- names of subjects: mathematics, politics, civics, economics, physics etc.
A. Underline the correct verb in these sentences.
- Rekha and her sisters watch (watch / watches) television every day.
- Ravi doesn’t (doesn’t / don’t) like sports.
- My classmates study (study / studies) before a test.
- One of the cookies is (is / are) missing.
- A lady with ten cats lives (live / lives) in that big house.
- Measles is (is / are) very serious.
- The committee decides (decide / decides) when to adjourn.
- Our team is (is / are) the best.
- Everybody enjoys (enjoy / enjoys) a good song.
- Either of these is (is / are) suitable.
B. Correct the following passage.
Where does the deer and the antelope play? One place is Yellowstone National Park. It were created in 1872. Parts of the park is in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. The park are a safe place for many animals. Bears, moose, buffalo, deer and antelope lives there. Beavers, otters, fish and eagles also enjoys the park. For them, Yellowstone be ‘home sweet home.’
Where do the deer and the antelope play? The place is Yellowstone National Park. It was created in 1847. Parts of park are in Wyoming, Montana and Idaho. The park is a safe place for many animals. Bears, moose, buffalo, deer and antelope live there. Beavers, otters, fish and eagles also enjoy the park. For them, Yellowstone is ‘home sweet home’.
Write a biographical sketch on the author in not more than 80-100 words based on the information given below.
|Name||Arthur C. Clarke|
|Pen names||Charles Willis, E.G.O’ Brien|
|Birth||16 Dec 1917, England|
|Career||Novelist, Television host, inventor and film screen writer.|
|Genre||Science Fiction,Television series, film screen play|
|Awards and Honours||1961, Kalinga Prize – an award given by UNESCO for popularising science
Hugo and Nebula Awards
Chairman of the Interplanetary Society
Highest Civil Honour of Sri Lanka – ‘Sri
|Titles||Clarke, Robert Heinlein and Isaac Asimov – ‘Big Three’ of Science Fiction ‘The Prophet of the Space Age|
|Famous Works||Childhood’s End
2001: A Space Odyssey
Rendezvous with Rana
Arthur C. Clarke wrote under his pen names Charles Wills and E.G.O’ Brain. He was born on 16th December 1917 in England. He played different roles in literature, as a novelist, television host, inventor and film screen writer. He wrote different genres like science fiction, television series and film screen play. He received many awards and honours. In 1961 he received Kalinga Prize, an award given by UNESCO for popularising science. Other awards are Hugo and Nebula awards. He was the chairman of the Interplanetary Society. He received the highest civil honour of Sri Lanka, ‘Sri Lankabhimanya 2005’ Clarke, Robert Heinlein and Isaac Asimov are called ‘Big Three’ of Science Fiction. He is also called ‘The Prophet of the Space Age.’ His famous works are Childhood’s End, 2001: A Space Odyssey and Rendezvous with Rana.
a. You have recently attended a seminar on ‘Science and Literature’ in which writers presented papers on Science Fiction and Literature and focused on the creativity of young writers. Write a short report about it for a leading newspaper in about 100-120 words.
A report on a seminar on Science and Literature
A seminar was conducted on 11th June 2018 by the Science Forum of Chennai sponsored by the Writer’s Club. It was well attended by many known people from all over India. It was inaugurated by Tamil Nadu Science Forum President Dr. Subarayan. He welcomed all those who were ready to present papers in the seminar and asked the other participants to get the maximum benefit from the presentations. In total eighty seven papers were selected from more than 500 papers submitted. All the papers pertained to the topic Science Fiction and Literature. In the modern era many writers are highly imaginative to write science fiction. Though it is an oxymoron for many years many writers are attempting to write fiction based on certain scientific concepts. So it has become a separate genre in literature. This has helped many scientists to try to materialise some ideas given by the writers. Young writers are very creative in this regard. The seminar focused on the creative mind of the writers. It was a very successful seminar.
b. You are the School Pupil Leader. Your school organised an Inter-School Sports event at Nehru Stadium. Write a report on the special events conducted in 100-120 words for the school souvenir.
A report on Inter-school Sports Event
My school Balan Memorial Higher Secondary School conducted an Inter-School Sports event on 15th August 2018 in Nehru Stadium. The schools of Chennai region participated in it. All the events were conducted in three levels – junior, senior and super senior. Nearly 70 schools participated in it. We had track and field events and few games. We had 100m, 200m and 400m long jump, high jump, triple jump, relay and shot put. In the games side there were volleyball, football, badminton and cricket (15 overs). It started with the flag hoisting and inauguration function. School children gave programme in dancing and martial arts. Our District Collector was the chief guest. After two hours of programme the sports items were started in one place and games were started in another place. We had very tough competition in most of the items. All the programmes came to an end on 16th forenoon. Afternoon was left for the prize distribution and valedictory function. We were very happy that our school got the championship cup.
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