11th English : The Accidental Tourist
Unit 6.1 > The Accidental Tourist
Often on formal occasions, we admire friends and strangers who appear elegant, who are pleasant to converse with and who conduct themselves gracefully. At times, we also see people who are awkward, nervous and doubtful about their next move.
Recall a few examples of awkward actions that can cause discomfort or disturbance to others like spilling a cup of hot drink on someone nearby.
Once I travelled in a tourist bus to Ooty. On the way I felt thirsty, so I took a bottle of water and opened the cork. Without any intention fore thought, I poured water through the window to clean my hand. A scooterist who was driving became my victim. The water poured on his head and instantly, he shouted angrily. Fortunately he balanced his vehicle and avoided accident.
During lunch, I sat on the verandha to have my meal. As I did not like the pickle, I threw it overhead. It fell on the head of a boy taking lunch at my back. He shouted at me furiously.
- alley – a narrow passage-way between or behind buildings
- en famille – (French) as a family
- yanked – pulled with a jerk
- consternation – worry
- extravagantly – excessively
- cascade – waterfall
- concourse – the open central area in a large public building (here ‘airport’)
- disgorging – discharging
- gashed – cut deeply
- hysterics – a fit of uncontrollable laughing or crying
- exasperation – irritation
- catastrophe – a terrible disaster
- bons mots – (French) witty remarks
- suave – polite and sophisticated
- venerable – valued
- Bill – William (the letter W is changed to B and William is called Bill)
A. Based on your understanding of the lesson answer the following questions in one or two sentences each.
1. Give a few instances of Bryson’s confused acts.
Mistakenly he placed the flyer programme inside his carry-on bag. He was confused to take that out. In a plane he tried to tie his shoelace and found himself pinned in the crash position. He kept the pen into his mouth and had the ink all over his face.
2. What were the contents of the bag?
The contents of the bag were newspaper cuttings, loose papers, a 14 ounce tin of pipe tobacco, magazines, passport, English money and film.
3. Describe the fluttery cascade of things tumbling from the bag.
He was wonderstruck to see the well-arranged documents flying out of the bag. The coins bounced noisily and the tobacco tin rolled across the airport spreading the contents all over the place.
4. Why did the author’s concern over tobacco shift to his finger?
The author was feeling sorry for spilling all the contents of the bag. Then he realised that he had a wound in his finger and it was bleeding profusely. So his concern shifted to his finger.
5. What happened to Bryson when he leaned to tie his shoelace?
When he leaned to tie his shoelace, unfortunately the one who occupied his front seat pulled his seat back and Bryson was caught between the two seats. Then with the help of his neighbour he got released.
6. How did Bryson free himself from the crash position?
By clawing the leg of the man sitting next to him, Bryson freed himself.
7. What was Bryson’s worst accident on a plane?
Bryson’s worst accident on a plane was when he sucked the back of his pen. Then he realised that his pen had leaked and he got the ink on his mouth, chin, tongue, teeth and gums.
8. What did Bryson wish to avoid in his life?
Bryson wished to avoid getting frequent flyer miles.
9. How would staying away from liquid mischief benefit Bryson?
If Bryson stayed away from liquid mischief, he need not spend much on his laundry bills.
10. Why did the clerk say that Bryson was not entitled to flyer miles?
The ticket was in the name of B. Bryson but the card was in the name of W. Bryson. So, the clerk said that Bryson was not entitled to flyer miles.
B. Answer the following questions in about three to four sentences each.
1. Why doesn’t Bryson seem to be able to do easily what others seem to? Give a few reasons.
Bryson had the problem of living in real world. He found it difficult to live with the surroundings which others could do easily. Because of this he had unnecessary confusion in dealing with ordinary things.
2. What was the reaction of Bryson’s wife to his antics?
When Bryson pulled the zip of his bag to open, it gave way and all the contents fell on the floor, They were only old paper cuttings and some magazines along with some important articles like passport He was trying to collect all the articles which had been falling down. In her reaction, his wife said she could not believe that he did that for a living.
3. Briefly describe the ‘accidents’ encountered on the flight by Bryson.
Once he was in a plane and he bent down to tie his shoelace. By the time one who sat in front pulled back his seat and he was caught in between the seats. He got relieved with the help of a man who was sitting next to him. Once he sucked the back of his pen. Then he realised that the pen leaked and he got the ink on his mouth, chin, tongue, teeth and gums.
C. Based on your understanding of the text, answer the following questions in a paragraph of about 100 – 150.
1. ‘To this day, I don’t know how I did it.’ What does it refer to?
‘It’ refers to the knocking of the soft drinks on the lap of a lady in a flight. Once Bill Bryson was flying in an aeroplane. Accidentally, he knocked his soft drinks, and the lady who was sitting next to him became the victim of his inadvertency. The flight attendant came to the rescue of the lady. He cleaned the mess and brought another drink to the author. This time also, he knocked his drink which spoiled the lap of the ‘poor’ lady. Seething with fury, she swore at him for his act of negligence. She uttered an oath which started with ‘oh’ and ended with ‘sake’. The author had never come across such unpleasant, uncouth words. He felt embarrassed on the spot. To this day, Bryson says that he does not know how it happened. [Original text referred]
2. ‘….But, when it’s my own – well, I think hysterics are fully justified’- How?
In the lesson ‘The Accidental Tourist’ Bryson describes how he suffers because of his unnecessary tension and stress during his travel in flight. Once he mistakenly kept his request flier programme inside his carry-on bag. He had to open the bag to find out that. He could not open it easily because the zip got jammed. He pulled it with all his strength and the zip gave way. All the contents fell on the floor of the airport. The contents were newspaper cuttings, loose papers, a tin of pipe tobacco, magazines, passport, English money and film. He tried to collect them but it was not easy for him. His tin of tobacco was rolling and emptying the tobacco powder all the place. He felt bad about that. By the time he realised that he had hurt his finger. It was bleeding profusely. He could not withstand the sight of blood normally but here it was his own blood. So his hysteric crying was fully justified.
3. Bring out the pun in the title ‘The Accidental Tourist’ (one who happens to travel by accident or one who meets with accidents often on his or her trips!)
Pun means an amusing use of a word or phrase that has two meanings. Usually one meaning will be for fun and another will be serious. A pun is a play on words that produces a humorous effect by using a word that suggests two or more meanings, or by exploiting similar sounding words that have different meanings. Humorous effects created by puns depend upon the ambiguities the words entail. These ambiguities arise mostly in homophones and homonyms. For instance, in the sentence, “A happy life depends on a liver,” the word liver can refer to the bodily organ, or simply a person who lives (though we may not use it in our regular meaning). Similarly, in the saying “Atheism is a nonprophet institution,” the word “prophet” is used instead of “profit” to produce a humorous effect. In the same way the title ‘The Accidental Tourist’ gives two meanings – one, the person who happens to travel by accident ie. not a regular traveller; another one, the person who meets with accidents often on his trips. In the lesson written by Bryson, he was a regular traveller but he met with accidents – not physical accidents but mental accidents because of his confusion for small things. As he says he was not comfortable with the real world.
4. Can a clumsy person train himself/herself to overcome shortcomings? How could this be done?
Our repeated actions become our habits. Even the clumsy people have become so because of their repeated clumsy actions. If any action is stopped for some times with certain effort from the individual, that habit can be stopped. So the clumsy person can train himself to overcome the shortcomings. But it truly depends on the individual. Others can give some motivation or guidance. First of all they should realise that what they do is wrong. Unless they correct themselves they would not be accepted in society as normal people. They should try to live in the real world.
5. As a fellow passenger of Bill Bryson on the flight, make a diary entry describing his clumsy behaviour during the trip and the inconveniences caused to others as a result of his nervousness.
Bill Bryson was a confused man. Because of his nervousness he spoils his life and the life of others who are around him. I was his co-passenger. He broke open the zip of his carry-on bag. All the contents fell on the floor of the airport. Papers were flying here and there giving all kinds of trouble to the other waiting passengers. His pipe tobacco tin opened and the tobacco powder was flying everywhere. He hurt his finger in the process of opening the zip. Then he shouted out of pain after seeing his blood. This day I was sitting next to him in the plane. He bent forward to tie his shoelace. The one who was sitting in front of him pulled his seat back and Bryson was caught in between the seats. I finally helped him out of the trouble. This day also he was travelling with me. He had his pen in his mouth and got the ink over mouth, tongue, teeth and gum. He walked here and there awkwardly
A. Foreign words and phrases.
You have come across the French phrases ‘en famille’ |ən <famille>| and ‘bons mots’ | bɑn ˈmɑːts | in the lesson. Now look at the following phrases and their meanings.
- viva voce – /ˌvaɪvə vəusi / – a spoken examination
- sine die – /ˈsɪnə ˈdʌɪiː/ – without a date being fixed
- resume – /ˈrezjuːmeɪ/ – a brief summary
- rapport – /ræˈpɔː(r)/ – close relationship with good understanding
- bonafide – /ˌbəʊnə ˈfaɪdi/ – genuine
B. Refer to the dictionary and find out the meanings of the following words/phrase. Use them in sentences of your own.
1. bon voyage
wish someone a good and safe journey
Anita wished her friend bon voyage to US.
2. in toto
totally, as a whole
The management accepted our plan in toto.
regular exchange of information between two groups
There should be liaison between army and police.
4. ex gratia
something paid as a gift not as a legal payment
An ex gratia amount of Rs. 15000 was paid to the family of flood victims.
5. en masse
something done together
The management team resigned en masse.
6. en route
on the way
We will stop en route for lunch.
7. ad hoc
not planned, but arranged when necessary
Decisions may be taken on an ad hoc basis.
8. faux pas
an embarrassing mistake in a social situation
The present government is responsible for the faux pas.
9. par excellence
The very best of a particular thing.
Virat Kholi is a batsman par excellence.
10. in camera
a law case conducted secretly or privately
The trial was conducted in camera.
11. status quo
maintaining the present / current situation without any charge.
The Reserve Bank Governor wants to maintain the status quo in interest rates.
12. magnum opus
the most important piece of work by a writer or an artist.
The film ‘Sarkar’ is Murugadas’ magnum opus.
13. bon voyage
wishing someone a good journey
I wished my uncle bon voyage as he was leaving for China.
14. in cognito
Actresses go shopping in cognito.
15. deja vu
a feeling that we have already experienced / come across
I had a sense of deja vu when I saw the film.
choosing from a list of dishes
We chose a-la-carte from the menu card.
17. via media
The news editors work via media for reporting events.
18. per capita
calculate something according to the number of people in a particular place or country
Per capita income increases every year.
an intimate and private conversation between two
We had a pleasant tete-a-tete over dinner.
20. carte blanche
permission or freedom to do whatever one wants.
You have the carte blanche to choose your workplace.
Here is a list of some words borrowed from Indian languages and have been included in the Dictionary of English. Add more words to the table.
|a roofed platform along the outside of a house
|a house in the Bengal style
|a ground or mashed relish
|kind of rat
|mixture of ground spices
|a roadside food stall or restaurant
|god appearing in physical form
|a type of bracelet
|a type of Indian cereal
Look at the list of idioms given below. Find their meanings from a dictionary. Read the sentences that follow and replace the word in italics with the appropriate idioms aking suitable changes wherever necessary.
- right up one’s alley – one’s like
- drive one up the hill – feel irritated
- hit the road – start a journey
- take (one) for a ride – take someone/something for granted
- in panic mode – afraid of
a) The old man got irritated at the loud noise outside.
The loud noise got the old man drive up the wall.
b) We were driving, when it started raining heavily. After stopping for an hour, we began the journey again.
We were driving, when it started raining heavily. After stopping for an hour, we hit the road again.
c) Ramesh gave false excuses for not attending the meeting and deceived me.
Ramesh gave the false excuses for not attending the meeting. He took us for a ride.
d) At the interview when questions were fired at me rapidly, I forgot everything and grew irritated.
At the interview when questions were fired at me rapidly, I forgot everything and I was in panic mode.
e) I love thrillers and this book appeals to me strongly.
I love thrillers and I find this book right up my alley
Listen to the dialogue read out by the teacher or to the recorded version and answer the questions that follow:
i) _____ was one of the places visited by Mahesh.
Ans : Cochin
ii) The Art Museum at Trivandrum is called _____.
Ans : Chitralayam
iii) Varkala is the oldest port of _____.
- he Andamans
Ans : Quilon
iv) Mahesh had been to the _____ Lake Wild Life Sanctuary.
Ans : Periyar
v) Cochin is called the _____ of the East.
Ans : Venice
a) Build a dialogue of 8-10 exchanges between your friend and yourself on the following.
You were to board a train to Delhi. By mistake you got into the wrong train and fought for your seat there. On realizing your mistake you left the train shamefaced, after creating a commotion there. Roleplay this situation before the class.
Friend : Hi Tom, where were you? I have not seen you for more than two seeks.
I : I was in Bengaluru to attend a seminar.
Friend : When did you return from Bengaluru?
I : Yesterday. But when I went to Delhi I had a bitter experience.
Friend : What happend? Anything serious?
I : It may sound funny now but it was really an unpleasant experience.
Friend : Tell me what has happened?
I : Let me tell you. I reached the railway station on time. I saw the train bound for Bengaluru on the platform.
Friend : Fine. Then what happened.
I : Wait man. I got into the train and to my surprise my seat was occupied by someone else.
Friend : Really, How did you get your seat?
I : I went straight to the man and asked him to get up but he refused. He said he had a valid ticket for the seat.
Friend : How is it possible?
I : I uttered some harsh words against him but he remained cool and composed. He showed his ticket – S8 – 42. Mine was also the same.
Friend : It is interesting
I : But when I checked the train number, I had to keep my head down.
Friend : Why?
I : It was a different train. My train time was 9.30 and that train time was 9.00.
Friend : How did you face this situation?
I : What to do? I said sorry. I bolted out of the compartment.
b) Speak to the class for a minute, as to how one should conduct oneself on formal occasions. (You could talk about table-manners especially while eating, general appearance, mannerof speaking, etc.)
When we attend a formal meeting we should behave properly. All the other members will be watching us. The meeting may start with a small party where we have to sit for a meal or snacks. We should be careful about the table-manners. We should not stretch our hands too much to collect something from the table. When we order something we should not raise our voice. We should not make noise while drinking water. We should not spill food on the table and floor. During the meeting we should not obstruct someone while they talk. Try to listen to others before you begin your talk. Use always polite words even to disagree with someone. Don’t use harsh words. Be polite and gentle. Use expressions like ‘Thank you’, ‘Welcome’, ‘Sorry’ according to the situations.
Answer the following questions.
1. The Labrador Retriever was covered with tri-colour. What does this signify?
It signifies the honour of National Hero to the deceased dog.
2. How did Caesar save several lives at the CST railway station?
It sniffed out hand grenades left by the terrorists at the CST railway station. Thus it saved several lives.
3. Which word in the passage (paragraph 3) means the same as ‘forced’?
Pressed to service
4. “Service of the retired members of Dog Squad during 26/11 will be unforgettable.” Mention three services rendered by Caesar.
- It took part in the bomb detection attack on Mumbai.
- It sniffed out a hand grenades from CST railway station.
- It took part in bomb search operation after the 2006 serial train blasts.
5. Caesar is a Labrador breed of dogs. Name a few other native breeds that are used by the Police force.
- Indian Mastiff
6. Try to rewrite the news item in your mother tongue without losing the spirit and flavour of the text. Give a suitable title to your translated version.
Caesar, the Hero of Mumbai on 26/11
Mumbai Caesar, the last surviving hero of his kind, died after the attack on one Thursday. Caesar, a Labrador retriever, was covered with tri-colour and given an emotional farewell from the city Police Force. The Mumbai Police Commissioner too marked the passing of the hero with a tweet.
மும்பை சீசர், தனது இனத்திலேயே காணப்பட்ட உயிருடன் இருந்த நாய், ஒரு வியாழக்கிழமையன்று உயிர் விட்டது. சீசர் ஒரு லாப்ரேடார் வகை நாய். மூவர்ணக்கொடி அதன் மீது போர்த்தப்பட்டு நகர காவல் துறையினால், உணர்ச்சிகரமான பிரியாவிடை தரப்பட்டது. ட்வீட் மூலமாக காவல் ஆணையர், ஒரு கதாநாயகன் காலமாதாக குறிப்பிட்டருந்தார்
Caesar, who was 11 years old was the sole survivor among the dogs of Mumbai Police who took part in bomb detection operations during the terrorist attack on Mumbai that began on November 26, 2008. He died of heart attack at a farm in Virar where he and his three canine buddies had been sent after retirement. During the terror attack in Mumbai, Caesar saved several lives when he sniffed out the hand grenades left by the terrorists at the busy CST railway station.
2008, நவம்பர் 26-ல் மும்பை மீது நடத்திய தீவிரவாதிகளின் தாக்குதலின்போது, வெடிகுண்டுகளை கண்டுபிடிப்பதில் பங்கு கொண்ட மும்பை காவல்துறையின் நாய்களில் உயிரோடு இருந்த ஒரே ஒரு நாயான சீசருக்கு 11 வயதாக இருந்ததது. ஓய்விற்கு பின்பு, விகார் என்னும் இடத்திலுள்ள பண்ணைக்கு மூன்று நாய்களுடன் சீசர் அனுப்பி வைக்கப்பட்டது. அந்த இடத்தில் மாரடைப்பால் இது இறந்தது. மும்பையில் தீவிரவாத தாக்குதலின்போது GST புகைவண்டி நிலையத்தில் தீவிரவாதிகள் வைத்த எறிகுண்டுகளை மோப்படம் பிடித்து, அநேக மக்களின் உயிர்களை சீசர் காப்பாற்றியது.
Caesar was also a part of the search team at Nariman house, where terrorists were holed up for three days. Earlier he was also pressed into service for bomb search operation after the 2006 serial train blasts and July 2017 blast in Mumbai. The Mumbai police officials also tweeted their grief saying, “Services of retired members of Dog Squad during 26/11 will be unforgettable. We will remember our heroes forever.”
மூன்று நாட்களாக நரிமான் வீட்டில் ஒளிந்திருந்த தீவிரவாதிகளை தேடும் குழுவில் சீசர் பங்கு வகித்தது. முன்பு, மும்பையில் ஜீலை 2017 குண்டு வெடிப்பு மற்றும் 2006 புகைவண்டி தொடர் குண்டு வெடிப்பு இதற்கு பின்பு, வெடிகுண்டு தேடுதல் பணியில் அது ஈடுபடத்தப்பட்டது. மும்பை காவல்துறை அலுவலர்கள், தங்கள் வருத்தத்தை ட்வீட் இவ்வாறு செய்தனர். “நவம்பர் 26-ம் தேதியன்று, ஓய்வு பெற்ற நாய்கள் குழுவின் சேவைகள் மறக்க முடியாதவையாகும். எப்போதும் எங்களது கதாநாயகர்களை நினைவில் கொள்வோம்.
f. Transformation of Sentences
Sentences can be of three types – Simple, Compound, Complex. A simple sentence has one independent clause (A clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb). A Compound sentence joins two or more number of independent clauses. A Complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses.
a. Do as directed
1. Dinesh and Prabhu wanted to meet Varsha at the bus stop. They went to the bus stop. (combine into a compound sentence)
Dinesh and Prabhu wanted to meet Varsha at the bus stop so they went to the bus stop.
2. Varsha reached the railway station. She was waiting for them there. (combine into a compound sentence)
Varsha reached the railway station and was waiting for them there.
3. While she waited at the train station,Varsha realized that the train was late. (change into a simple sentence)
Waiting at the train station Varsha realised about the late coming of the train.
4. Dinesh and Prabhu left the bus stop.Varsha rang them. (combine into a complex sentence)
When Dinesh and Prabhu left the bus stop, Varsha rang them.
5. The trio met at the station. Varsha left for Madurai. (combine into a complex sentence)
After the trio had met at the station, Varsha left for Madurai.
b. This paragraph has only simple sentences. Combine them into compound and complex sentences.
One day Ajay and Tijo went to the canal. They wanted to catch some fish. Some people were playing nearby. They chose a better place. They took out the fishing rods. Suddenly there was a loud splash. They also heard a loud scream. Both Ajay and Tijo looked up. They saw something moving in the water. Then they saw a hand waving. Someone had fallen in the water. It was Yusuf. He had jumped into the water. He wanted to swim.
One day Ajay and Tijo went to the canal because they wanted to catch some fish. As some people were playing nearby they chose a better place. When they took out the fishing rods there was a loud splash. When they heard a loud scream both Ajay and Tijo looked up. They saw something moving in the water and they saw a hand waving. Someone had fallen into water and it was Yusuf. As he wanted to swim he had jumped into the water.
c. Here is one long sentence. Split them into smaller sentences.
Like all living things, human beings also need food in order to live as every part of the body must get a steady supply of food so that it can work properly, but first the food eaten has to be broken down through a process called digestion so that it can dissolve in the blood and carried to all parts of the body.
All livings things need food. Human beings also need food in order to live. Every part of the body must get a steady supply of food. Then only it can work properly. First the food eaten has to be broken down. It can be done through a process called digestion. It can dissolve in the blood. It can be carried to all parts of the body.
Now write a short story to explain these proverbs.
1. Actions speak louder than words.
Shalini was late to school that day. She used to be a regular student and she stood first in her class. But she was a silent girl. Her silence was mistaken for arrogance by other girls and some of the teachers. Some of her friends knew that Shalini had some problem in her family and she would not reveal it to others. Her only job in the school was to study and be regular in her work. That particular day she entered the school gate half an hour late with soiled dress. She knew she would not be allowed inside her class. With that fear in her heart she walked towards her std XI. classroom. As soon as the teacher saw her, she was very angry. She did not even think of asking her reason for being late. Most of the girls in the class were happy that Shalini, the silent girl would get punishment; she might not be allowed to enter the class.
The teacher told Shalini to stand outside the class. It never happened in her life. The girls were giggling especially Lakshmi. Lakshmi was a rich girl. Her father was an industrialist but she was not that good in studies. So she was jealous of Shalini. Now she had the time to laugh at Shalini. At that time the kind hearted Principal Mrs. Shanthi came near the class. She came to Shalini and asked her to go to her office. Lakshmi and others were still happier to see this. Shalini waited near the Principal’s office for some time. When the Principal came, Shalini was called inside. She asked her the reason for her soiled dress and standing outside the class.
Shalini explained that on her way she saw a car accident. No one came forward to help the man who was inside the car. So she went to the spot, gathered some people, got an auto and took him to the hospital. She had to wait in the hospital for some time. Then she had to walk from the hospital to school as she had no money for the auto. She did not know who the man was. As this conversation was going on a man came running to Principal’s office and informed that Lakshmi’s father met with an accident and he was in the hospital. He wanted to take Lakshmi home. The Principal phoned to Lakshmi’s mother to ascertain the news and sent for Lakshmi. When that man saw Shalini he said that she only had helped Lakshmi’s father to go to hospital. When Lakshmi came to the Principal’s office she came to know what had happened. She felt sorry for her behaviour. She went to hospital with Shalini in her car. On the way she praised her for her help and asked pardon for her rude behaviour.
2. Despair gives courage to a coward.
Murugan was from a small village. He was not a very rich man. He had a small shop to sell cool drinks, tea, coffee and some other eatables. With the profit he got out of this he was living happily with his family. He had to feed his wife and two children. His wife Sita was a home maker and she managed the family very well. It was a happy family.
One day he did not return home at his usual time. His wife was worried and asked the neighbours whether they had seen her husband anywhere. She did not get any positive reply. Murugan came back home only after 11 o’ clock. His face was very dim and he sat on a chair without much words. His wife was worried and came close to him. Luckily the children went to sleep. She asked him very politely what the problem was. After a few minutes he replied that three men came to the shop and started some argument with him, which led to a fight. In that fight they damaged the shop and he had to repair that. It would cost at least Rs. 10000. His wife comforted him saying that they would find the money somehow and repair the shop.
Murugan was a coward. That night he was in despair. He was thinking deeply how to solve this problem. He thought that he should take steps to get the money from those people who were responsible for the trouble. He decided he should come out of his cowardice. Next day morning he went to the police station and lodged a complaint against those three men. The inspector was a good person; he promised him to help him. In the evening they were arrested and brought to the police station. They understood that they could not escape from this. So they promised to give money to Murugan to repair his shop. His courage helped him to get the money.
Develop the following hints into a paragraph.
Two kings – ruled -neighbouring kingdoms. King Arya – great warrior – looked after – subjects – very well – People loved him – looking – their safety and welfare – all his subjects – very happy – healthy life – King Vaishal on the other hand – very lazy man – spend his time – entertaining – dancing – ignoring – needs or developmental – people – His people -angry – never came out of the palace -listen to their woes.
Powerful Sultan attacked – with his strong army – King Arya’s army – alert – ready – preparedness – enemy – more powerful – love for King even women and children -come to the war front – fight – protect their King -a different story – King Vaishal-impending war – people started fleeing-King all by himself – not interested to protect – King – did nothing for their welfare.
King Vaishal – realized his foolishness – too late – defeated in the war and fled for his life – King Arya – defeated the Sultan -people to live in peace – King Arya -welfare of his people at heart at all times -subjects – returned his love – loyal and supportive – during testing times.
There were two kings ruling neighbouring kingdoms. One was King Arya who was a great warrior. He looked after the subjects very well. People loved him for looking after their safety and welfare. All the subjects were very happy and they had healthy life. The other king was King Vaishal, who was a very lazy man. He spent his time in entertainment and dancing, ignoring the needs or development of his people. His people were angry with him. The king never came out of his palace to listen to their voice.
Once the powerful Sultan attacked the kingdoms with his strong army. King Arya’s army was alert and ready with preparedness. Though the enemy army was more powerful, due to the love for the king even the women and children came out to the war front to fight and protect the king. In the kingdom of Vaishal it was a different story. To avoid the impending war the people started fleeing the battle field. The king was all alone by himself. People were not interested to protect the king who did nothing for their welfare.
King Vaishal then realised his foolishness but it was too late. He was defeated in the war and fled for his life. King Arya defeated the Sultan and his people lived in peace. King Arya had the welfare of his people at heart all the time. So his subjects returned his love. They were loyal and supportive during the testing time.
Writing a Curriculum Vitae.
Write a C V for the post of a DTP operator at ABC Publishing house, and send it to P.O. Box No. 2345 or E-mail to [email protected].
|212, Puspa Garden, Anna Nagar, Thirupur.
|Looking for a challenging career which demands the best of my professional ability in terms of my knowledge in this field.
|A Graduate in English from TTV College, Thirupur
|t Good knowledge in computer
t Good knowledge in Adeb, PDF, Photoshop
t Good verbal and written skill
|t Diploma in DTP
t B.A. English First class
t 12th with the aggregate 78% from GHSS, Thirupur.
t 10th with the aggregate 85% from GHSS Thirupur
|t Kumaran Publication – 2 years
t Freelancer – 2 years
|t Hard working
t Positive attitude and open minded
|Date of Birth
|11th June 1993
|Tamil, English and Hindi
I hereby declare that the above cited information is true to the best of my knowledge and belief. If I am given a chance I shall prove mettle.
You see an advertisement in the newspaper. A publishing house in Chennai has brought out a paperback edition of the complete works of Khushwant Singh. You want to buy it. You are asked to send a Demand Draft for Rs.1000/- Fill in the following DD challan in favour of ‘X publishing house, New Delhi’, payable at Chennai. The surcharge for Rs.1000/- is Rs.25/-
2(a) Fill in the following forms with imaginary details.
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