6th Std Social Science Term 1 Solution | Lesson.3 Indus Civilisation

Lesson.3 Indus Civilisation

6th Standard Social Science Guide in English | Indus Civilisation

Lesson.3 Indus Civilisation

I. Choose the correct answer

1. What metals were known to the people of Indus Civilization?

  1. Copper, bronze, silver, gold, but not iron
  2. Copper, silver, iron, but not bronze
  3. Copper, gold, iron, but not silver
  4. Copper, silver, iron, but not gold

Ans : Copper, bronze, silver, gold, but not iron

2. Indus Civilisation belonged to

  1. old Stone age
  2. Medieval stone age
  3. New stone age
  4. Metal age

Ans : Metal age

3. River valleys are said to be the cradle of civilisation because

  1. Soil is very fertile.
  2. They experience good climate.
  3. They are useful for transportation.
  4. Many civilisations flourished on river valleys.

Ans : Many civilisations flourished on river valleys.

II. Match the statement with the Reason. Tick the appropriate answer:

1. Statement: Harappan civilization is said to be an urban civilization. 

Reason: It has well planned cities with advanced drainage system.

  1. Statement and reason are correct.
  2. Statement is wrong.
  3. Statement is correct, but the reason is wrong.
  4. Both statement and reason are wrong.

Ans : Statement and reason are correct.

2. Statement: Harappan civilization belongs to Bronze Age.

Reason: Harappans did not know the use of iron.

  1. Statement and reason are correct.
  2. Statement is wrong.
  3. Statement is correct, but the reason is wrong.
  4. Both statement and reason are wrong.

Ans : Statement and reason are correct.

3. Statement: The engineering skill of Harappans was remarkable.

Reason: Building of docks after a careful study of tides, waves and currents.

  1. Statement and reason are correct.
  2. Statement is wrong.
  3. Statement is correct, but the reason is wrong.
  4. Both statement and reason are wrong.

Ans : Statement and reason are correct.

4. Which of the following statements about Mohenjo-Daro is correct?

  1. Gold ornaments were unknown.
  2. Houses were made of burnt bricks.
  3. Implements were made of iron.
  4. Great Bath was made water tight with the layers of natural bitumen

Ans : Houses were made of burnt bricks.

5. Consider the following statements.

1. Uniformity in layout of town, streets, and brick sizes

2. An elaborate and well laid out drainage system

3. Granaries constituted an important part of Harappan Cities

Which of the above statements are correct?

  1. 1 & 2
  2. 1 & 3
  3. 2 & 3
  4. all the three

Ans : all the three

6. Circle the odd one

Oxen, sheep, buffaloes, pigs, horses

Ans : pigs

7. Find out the wrong pair

  1. ASI – John Marshall
  2. Citadel – Granaries
  3. Lothal – dockyard
  4. Harappan civilisation – River Cauvery

Ans : Harappan civilisation – River Cauvery

III. Fill in the blanks

1. _____________________ is the oldest civilisation.

Ans : Mesoptgmiph civilisation

2. Archaeological Survey of India was founded by _____________________

Ans : Alexander cunning haml

3. _____________________ were used to store grains.

Ans : Granaries

4. Group of people form _____________________

Ans : Community

IV. State True or False

1. Mehergarh is a Neolithic site.

Ans : True

2. Archaeological survey of India is responsible for preservation of cultural monuments in the country.

Ans : True

3. Granaries were used to store grains

Ans : True

4. The earliest form of writings was developed by Chinese.

Ans : False

V. Match the following: 

1. Mohenjo-Daroraised platform
2. Bronzered quartz stone
3. Citadelalloy
4. Carnelianmound of dead
Ans : 1 – D, 2 – C, 3 – A, 4 – B

VI. Answer in one word:

1. What are the uses of metal?

  • Iron or steel is used for the construction of buildings, houses, automobile parts etc.
  • Copper is used for electrical purposes and also for making ornaments.

2. Make a list of baked and raw foods that we eat.

Raw food: Fruits and vegetables like apple, carrot, cucumber etc. Baked food: Bread, Bun, Cake, Cookie, Pudding etc.

3. Do we have the practice of worshipping animals and trees?

  • Yes, people worship peeped tree also known as Bodhi tree, Banyan tree, Bel
    Tree, Ashoka tree, Mango tree etc.
  • Cow, Monkey, Snake, Elephant are also considered very sacred.

4. River valleys are cradles of civilisation. Why?

  • River valley had tertile soil. Agriculture grew well in these regions.
  • Fresh water was available for Drinking, watering live stock and irrigation.
  • Easy movement of people and goods was possible.

5. Just because a toy moves doesn’t mean its modern. What did they use instead of batteries?

They used wheels to move to toys instead of batteries.

6. Dog was the first animal to be tamed. Why?

Humans started breeding dogs to help with hunting, herding, standing guard and carrying stuff.

7. If you were an archaeologist, what will you do?

If I were an archaeologist, I will study the artefacts found in the ground to learn about people where lived in the past.

8. Name any two Indus sites located in the Indian border?

  • Kalibangan (Rajasthan)
  • Dholavira (Gujarat)

9. In Indus civilisation,which feature you like the most? Why?

  • Town planning is a unique feature of the Indus civilisation.
  • Straight and wide road with good drainage system of the Indus valley is a significant feature.

10. What instrument is used nowadays to weigh things?

Weighting scale or spring balance is used nowadays to weigh things.

VII. Answer the following:

1. What method is used to explore buried buildings nowadays?

  • To see under the ground, the archaeologist may use a magnetic scanner.
  • The presence and absence of archaeological remains can be detected by Radian and remote sensing method.

2. Why Indus Civilisation is called Bronze Age civilisation?

  • Bronze is an alloy.
  • This period is characterised by the articles made of bronze
  • So Indus valley civilization is also known as bronze age civilisation.

3. Indus Civilisation is called urban civilisation. Give reasons.

Indus civilisation is called urban civilisation be causes.

  • There was well – conceived town planning
  • Astonishing masonry and architecture were found.
  • Priority was given for hygiene and public health.
  • They used standardised weights and measures.
  • They had solid agricultural.

4. Can you point out the special features of their drainage system?

  • They had well covered drains the drains were covered with slabs or bricks
  • Each rain had a gentle slope of that water could flow.
  • Manholes were provided at regular intervals to clean the drains.
  • House drains passed below many lanes betone finally empting into the drains.
  • Every house had its own soak pit which collected all the sediments and alloed only the water to flow into the street drain.

5. What do you know about the Great Bath?

  • The great bath was a large, rectangular tank in a Courtland. It may be the earliest example of a water-proof structure.
  • The bath was lined with tricks, coated with layers of natural bitumen.
  • There were steps on the north and south leading into the tank.
  • There were rooms of three sides.

6. How do you know that Indus people traded with other countries?

  • There is evidence for extensive maritime trade with Mesopotamia; Indus seals have been found as far as Mesopotamia.
  • King Naram, sin of Akkadian Empine (Sumerian) has written about buying jewellery form.


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