7th Std Social Science Term 1 Solution | Lesson.4 The Delhi Sultanate

Lesson.4 The Delhi Sultanate

7th Standard Social Science Guide in English | The Delhi Sultanate

Lesson.4 The Delhi Sultanate

I. Choose the correct answer

1. _________ laid the foundation of ‘Mamluk’ dynasty.

  1. Mohammad Ghori
  2. Jalal-ud-din
  3. Qutb-ud-din Aibak
  4. Iltutmish

Ans : Qutb-ud-din Aibak

2. Qutb-ud-in shifted his capital to Delhi from _________.

  1. Lahore
  2. Poona
  3. Daulatabad
  4. Agra

Ans : Lahore

3. _________ completed the construction of the Qutb-Minar.

  1. Razia
  2. Qutb-ud-din-Aibak
  3. Iltutmish
  4. Balban

Ans : Iltutmish

4. _________ laid the foundation of the city Tughluqabad near Delhi.

  1. Muhammad-bin-Tughluq b)
  2. Firoz shah Tughluq
  3. Jalal-ud-din
  4. Ghiyas–ud-din

Ans : Ghiyas-ud-din

II. Fill in the Blanks.

1. _________ was the founder of Tughluq dynasty.

Ans : Ghiyas-ud-din-Tughluq

2. Muhammad–bin-Tughluq shifted his capital from Delhi to _________.

Ans : Devagiri or Deaulatabad

3. _________ patronized the famous Persian poet Amir Khusru.

Ans : Balban

4. Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid in Delhi was built by _________.

Ans : Qutb-ud-din-Albak

5. The threat of Mongols under Chengizkhan to India was during the reign of _________.

Ans : Iltutmish

III Match the following

1. Tughril Khan Governor of Kara
2. Ala-ud-din Jalal-ud-din Yakut
3. Bahlol Lodi Governor of Bengal
4. Razia Governor of Sirhind
Ans : 1 – C, 2 – A, 3 – D, 4 – B

IV. State true or false.

1. Qutb-ud-din Aibak died of mysterious fever. ( False )

Ans : Qutb-ud-din Aibak died of mysterious injuries received during an accidental fall from a horse, while playing polo.

2. Razia was an able and brave fighter. Ans: True

3. The Turkish nobles chose Iltutmish, son of Aibak, as Sultan after the death of Aibak. ( False )

Ans : The Turkish nobles chose Iltutmish, son-in-law of Aibak, as Sultan after the death of Aibak.

4. FirozShah Tughluq refused to accept an invitation from a Bahmani Prince to intervene in the affairs of the Deccan.  ( True )

V. Match the statement with the reason. Tick ( √ ) the appropriate answer.

a) Assertion (A) : Balban maintained cordial relationship with Mongols

Reason (R) : The Mongol ruler, a grandson of Chengiz Khan, assured that Mongols would not advance beyond Sutlej.

  1. R is the correct explanation of A.
  2. R is not the correct explanation of A.
  3. A and R are wrong.
  4. A is wrong and R is the correct.

Ans : R is the correct explanation of A.

b) Find out the correct pair.
1. Hoysala – Devagiri
2. Yadavas – Dwarasamudra
3. Kakatias – Warrangal
4. Pallavas – Madurai

Ans : Kakatias – Warrangal

c) Find out the wrong statement.

  1. After Ghori’s death in 1206, his slave Qutb-ud-din Aibak proclaimed him self the ruler of the Turkish territories in India.
  2. Razia established the department of spies to gather intelligence about the conspirators and the trouble makers against her rule.
  3. Balban built forts to guard his empire against the Mongol attack.
  4. Ibrahim Lodi was defeated by Babur in 1526.

Ans : Razia established the department of spies to gather intelligence about the conspirators and the trouble makers against her rule.

VI. Answer the following in one or two sentences.

1. Name the land granted to army officials in lieu of a regular wage.


2. Who founded the city of Agra?

Sikandar Lodi.

3. Name the ruler who established Muslim rule in India in 12th century A.D (CE).

Muhammed Ghori.

4. Write a note on chahalgani.

Iltutmish organished Turkish nobility in to a select group of 40 nobles known as chahalgani.

5. How did Ala-ud-din-khalji consolidate the Delhi sultanate?

  • The range of his conquests is impressive.
  • Malik kafur was a prominent general of Ala-ud-din khilji. He led many invasions in south India.

6. List out the contributions of Firoz Shah Tughlug.

  • He created charities to aid poor Muslims.
  • He built colleges mosques and hospitals.
  • He banned in human punishment and abolished taxes.
  • He waived agriculture debts.
  • He constructed many canals for irrigation.
  • He build many towns.

VII. Answer the following.

1. Write about the invasion of Timur in 1398.

  • The sacking and massacre by Timer of Delhi came a decade after Firuz shah Tughlug died.
  • He was a ruler of Samarkand in central Asia.
  • He occupied some parts in the north-west of India.
  • He entered India in December 1398 and plundered Delhi.
  • Delhi suffered most by Timur’s raid, apart from carrying huge wealth in the form of gold, silver, jewels, also took along Indian artisans was carpenters and masons to work on monuments in Samarkand.


1. How would you evaluate Muhammad-bin-Tughluq as Sultan of Delhi?

  • Muhammad bin Tughlug was good and bad traits. We all will be quite amused with his decision making skills.
  • All his ambitions schemes ended in miserable failures for example transfer of capital from Delhi to Devagiri, Introduction of token currency.
  • Muhammad bin Tughlug was the only Delhi sultan who had received comprehensive literary, religious and philosophical education.


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