7th Std Social Science Term 2 Solution | Lesson.2 The Mughal Empire

Lesson.2 The Mughal Empire

7th Standard Social Science Guide in English | The Mughal Empire

Lesson.2 The Mughal Empire

I. Choose the correct answer

1. Who introduced the Persian style of architecture in India?

  1. Humayun
  2. Babur
  3. Jahangir
  4. Akbar

Ans : Babur

2. In which battle did Akbar defeat Rana Pratap?

  1. Panipat
  2. Causa
  3. Haldighati
  4. Kanauj

Ans : Haldighati

3. Whose palace in Delhi was destroyed by Sher shah?

  1. Babur
  2. Humayun
  3. Ibrahim Lodi
  4. Alam Khan

Ans : Humayun

4. Who introduced Mansabdari system?

  1. Sher Sha
  2. Akbar
  3. Jahangir
  4. Shah Jahan

Ans : Akbar

5. Who was the revenue minister of Akbar?

  1. Birbal
  2. Raja Bhagwan Das
  3. Raja Todarmal
  4. Raja Man Singh

Ans : Raja Todarmal

II. Fill in the Blanks.

1. ______ was the name of the horse of Rana Pratap.

Ans : Chetak

2. _________ was a hall at FetehpurSikri where scholars of all religions met for a discourse.

Ans : Ibadatkhana

3. The Sufi saint who received Akbar’s utmost respect was __________

Ans : Salim Chishti

4. During the reign of ______________ the Zabti system was extended to the Deccan provinces.

Ans : Shah Jahan

5. _______ were tax-free lands given to scholars and religious institutions.

Ans : Suyurghal

III. Match the following

1. Babus Ahmednagar
2. Durgavati Jaipur
3. Rani Chand Bibi Akbar
4. Din Ilahi Chanderi
5. Raja Man Singh Central Province
 Ans : 1 – D, 2 – E, 3 – A, 4 – C, 5 – B

IV.True or False 

1. Babur inherited Farghana, a small kingdom in central Asia

Ans : True

2. Humayun succeeded in recapturing Delhi in 1565

Ans : False

3. Aurangzeb married a girl of a notable Rajput family

Ans : False

4. Jahangir ordered execution of Sikh leader Guru Arjun for helping his son Khusrau

Ans : True

5. During Auragzeb’s reign, architecture received much patronage.

Ans : False

V. Consider the following statements. Tick (√) the appropriate answer.

1. Assertion (A) : The British established their first factory at Surat.

Reason (R) : Jahangir granted trading rights to the English.

  1. R is not the correct explanation of A
  2. R is correct explanation of A
  3. A is correct and R is wrong
  4. (A) and (R) are Correct

Ans : R is correct explanation of A

2. Assertion (A) : Aurangzeb’s intolerance towards other religions made him unpopular among people.

Reason (R) : Aurangzeb re-imposed the jizya and pilgrim tax on the Hindus

  1. R is not the correct explanation of A
  2. R is correct explanation of A
  3. A is correct and R is wrong
  4. (A) and (R) are Correct

Ans : R is correct explanation of A

3. Find out the wrong Pair

(I) Kamran was the son of Afghan noble, Hasan Suri, ruler of Sasaram in Bihar

(II) Akbar abolished the jizya poll tax o non-muslims and the tax on Hindu pilgrims.

(III) Aurangzeb acceded the throne after killing his three brothers.

(IV) Prince Akbar entered into a pact with Shivaji’s son Shambuji in the Deccan.

  1. (I), (II) and (III) are correct
  2. (II), (III) and (IV) are correct
  3. (I), (III) and (IV) are correct
  4. (II), (III), (IV) and (I) are correct

Ans : (b) (II), (III) and (IV) are correct

4. Arrange the battles in chronological order 

(i) Battle of Khanwa (ii) Battle of Chausa (iii) Battle of Kanauj (iv) Battle of Chanderi
Ans :
(i) Battle of Kanauj – 1527 (ii) Battle of Chanderi – 1528 (iii) Battle of Chausa – 1539 (iv) Battle of Khanwa – 1540

4. Arrange the battles in chronological order

(I) Sarkars (II) Parganas (III) Subhas
Ans :
(I) Subhas (II) Sarkars (III) Parganas

5. Match the father and son

Father Son
1. Akbar Dilawar Khan
2. Daulat Khan Lodi Rana Pratap
3. Hasan Suri Humayun
4. Babur Sher Shah
5. Uday Singh Jahangir
 Ans : 1 – E, 2 – A, 3 – D, 4 – C, 5 – B

VI. Give short answer 

1. Write the circumstance that led to the Battle of Panipat in 1526.

Babur did not have any ambition beyond Punjab till 1524. Then a greater opportunity came knocking. Dilawar Khan, who was Daulat Khan Lodi’s son, and Alam Khan, who was the uncle of Sultan of Delhi, arrived in Kabul to seek Babur’s help in removing Ibrahim Lodi from power. Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi in the famous Battle of Panipat in 1526.

2. Mention the Humayun recapture the Delhi throne in 1555.

Sher Shah defeated Humayun at Chausa (1539) and again at Kanauj (1540). Humayun, defeated and overthrown, had to flee to Iran. With the help of the Persian ruler Shah Tahmasp of the Safavid dynasty, Humayun succeeded in recapturing Delhi in 1555.

3. Write a note on Mansabdari system.

Akbar introduced the Mansabdari system. According to this system, the nobles, civil and military officials were combined to form one single service. Everyone in the service was given a mansab, meaning a position or rank. A Mansabdar was a holder of such a rank. Mansabdar rank was dependent on Zat and Sawar.

VII. Answer the following

1. Describe the land revenue administration of the Mughals.

Land Revenue Administration:

  • Land revenue administration was toned up during the reign of Akbar. Raja Todar Mai, Revenue Minister of Akbar, adopted and refined the system introduced by Sher Shah.
  • According to Zabt system, after a survey, lands were classified according to the nature and fertility of the soil. The share of the state was fixed at one-third of the average produce for 10 years.
  • The Mughal emperors enforced the old iqta system, renaming it jagir. It is a land tenure system developed during the period of Delhi Sultanate. Under the . system, the collection of the revenue of an area and the power of governing it were bestowed upon a military or civil official now named Jagirdar.
  • Every Mansabdar was a Jagirdar if he was not paid in cash. The Jagirdar collected the revenue through his own officials.
  • Those appointed to collect the revenue from the landholders were called zamindars. Zamindars collected taxes and maintained law and order with the help of Mughal officials and soldiers.
  • The local chieftains and little kings were also called zamindars.

2. Estimate Akbar as a patron of learning.

  • Akbar was a great patron of learning. His personal library had more than four thousand manuscripts.
  • He patronised scholars of all beliefs and all shades of opinions.
  • He extended his benevolence to authors such as Abul Fazl, Abul Faizi and Abdur Rahim Khan-i-Khanan, the great storyteller Birbal, competent officials like Raja Todar Mai, Raja Bhagwan Das and Raja Man Singh.
  • The great composer and musician Tansen and artist Daswant adorned Akbar’s court as well.

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