8th Std Social Science Term 3 Solution | Lesson.3 Industries

Lesson.3 Industries

8th Std Social Science Guide in English | Industries

Lesson.3 Industries

I. Choose the correct answer

1. Silk weaving and house hold industries come under the category of ………………… .

  1. Small scale industry
  2. Large scale industry
  3. Marine based industry
  4. Capital intensive industry

Ans : Small scale industry

2. On the basis of ownership the industry can be divided into ……………… types

  1. 2
  2. 3
  3. 4
  4. 5

Ans : 4

3. Amul dairy industry is best example of ……………….. sector.

  1. Private
  2. Public
  3. Co-operative sector
  4. Joint sector

Ans : Co-operative sector

4. Iron and Steel and Cement Industries are the examples of ………………….. industries.

  1. Agro based
  2. Mineral based
  3. Forest based
  4. Marine based

Ans : Mineral based

5. Tertiary activity is divided into ……………….. types

  1. 4
  2. 3
  3. 2
  4. 5

Ans : 2

II. Fill in the Blanks.

1. Banking is a ……………. economic activity.

Ans : Tertiary

2. Tertiary activity is divided into ……………. and ……………. .

Ans : Quaternary and Quinary

3. Government decision making process comes under the ……………… category oftertiary economic activity.

Ans : Quinary

4. Raw material based perspective Cotton Textile industry is a ………………. industry.

Ans : Agro based

5. Capital required for establishing a large scale industry is more than ………………. .

Ans : One Crore

III Match the following.

1. Judicial sectorPrivate Sector
2. TV telecastsNon Geographical factor
3. Geographical factorQuaternary activity
4. CapitalRaw materials
5. Bajaji AutoQuinary activity
Ans : 1 – E, 2 – C, 3 – D, 4 – B, 5 – A

IV. Distinguish the following.

1. Secondary economic activity and tertiary economic activity.

Secondary Economic Activitytertiary Economic Activity
It changes raw materials into usable products through processing and manufacturingIt provided essential services and support industries to function.
Eg: BakeryEg: Education

2. Agro based and marine based industries.

Agro Based IndustryMarine Based Industry
Industries which use plant and animal based products as raw materials.Industries which use products from sea and oceans as raw materials.
Eg: Cotton textile Eg: Sea food processing

3. Large scale industries and small scale industries.

Large Scale IndustriesSmall Scale Industries
The Capital required for the establishment of an industry is more than one croreThe Capital required for the establishment of an industry is less than one crore
Eg: Iron and SteelEg: Silk wearing

V. Answer briefly.

1. Define industry.

It is a process by which the raw materials are changed in to finished products.

2. What is meant by economic activity?

Any action that involves in the production, distribution, consumption or service is an economic activity.

3. Name the major economic activities.

  • Primary economic activity
  • Secondary economic activity
  • Tertiary economic activity.

4. What are the secondary economic activities? Give some examples.

The activity which changes raw materials into usable products through processing and manufacturing

eg: Bakery, factory.

5. What is Quinary activity? Elucidate with an example.

The activity which refer to the high level decision making processes by executive in various departments.

eg: council of minister

6. Name the factors responsible for the location of industries.

Raw material, Labour, Capital, Market, Power, Land, Transport

7. Write a short note on the following

Large scale industries

The capital required for the establishment of an industry is more than one crore.

Small scale industries

The Capital required for the establishment of an industry is less than one crore.

VI. Write in detail.

1. Classify and explain the industries based on the source of raw materials.

On the basis of raw materials are

Agro based industries

Plants and animals based products are used as raw materials

Eg: cotton textile industry

Mineral Based industries:

Industries using mineral ores as raw material

Eg: Cement industry

Marine based industries:

Industries which are using sea and ocean products as raw material.

Eg: Processed sea foods.

Forest based industries

Industries which use forest products as raw material.

Eg: Pulp & Paper

2. Explain the Geographical factors which affect the location of industries?

The geographical factors which affect the location of industries

Raw material:

Materials cannot be transported for long distances, so industries are located near the raw material availability.


Power is the basic for industry so its generated from conventional sources which should be located near the industries.


Availability of cheap and skilled labour is more important.


Availability of easy transportation always influences the industry location.

Storage and ware housing:

Finished products should be stored at suitable storage or warehouse till the goods are taken to the market.


The selected site should be flat; which is supported by different transport


  • Extreme climate condition is not suitable for the successful industrial growth. Water Resources:
  • Many industries are established near rivers, canals and lakes for proper functioning.


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