# 9th Std Science Solution in English | Lesson.12 Periodic Classification of Elements

## Lesson 12 Periodic Classification of Elements

9th Science Guide: In this post, we have thoroughly explained the Book back solution of Lesson Periodic Classification of Elements. We have covered a wide range of topics related to periodic classification, accompanied by clear and concise explanations. Whether you are studying for an exam or simply seeking a better understanding of this subject, this post is designed to assist you in your preparations.

## Periodic Classification of Elements Book Back Answer

Are you in search of solutions to the book-back questions pertaining to the Periodic Classification of Elements lesson? Your search ends here! We have gathered a comprehensive set of answers to assist you in evaluating your knowledge and reinforcing your understanding of this significant scientific concept.

### I. Choose the Correct Answer

1. If Dobereiner is related with ‘law of triads’, then Newlands is related with

1. Modern periodic law
2. Hund’s rule
3. law of octaves
4. Pauli’s Exclusion Principle

Ans: law of octaves

2. Modern periodic law states that the physical and chemical properties of elements are the periodic functions of their

1. atomic numbers
2. atomic masses
3. similarities
4. anomalies

Ans: atomic numbers

3. Elements in the modern periodic table are arranged in groups and periods.

1. 7, 18
2. 18,7
3. 17,8
4. 8, 17

Ans: 18,7

4. The increasing order of the energy of subshells is

1. s>p>d>f
2. s<p<d<f
3. s<p<f<d
4. p<s<d<f

Ans: s<p<d<f

5. If the electronic configuration of an element is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1  then it will occupy ________ block of the periodic table

1. s
2. p
3. d
4. f

Ans: p

### II. Fill in the Blanks

1. In Dobereiner’s triads, the atomic weight of the middle element is the of _________ the atomic masses of 1st and 3rd elements.

Ans: Average

2. Noble gases belong to _________ group of the periodic table.

Ans: 18th

3. The basis of the classifications proposed by Dobereiner, Newlands and Mendeleev was ____________

Ans: Atomic mas

4. B, Si, Ge, and As are the examples of ___________

Ans: metalloids

5. Example for liquid metal is ____________

Ans: mercury

### III. Match the Following

 1. Triads Newlands 2. Alkali metal Calcium 3. Law of octaves Henry Moseley 4. Alkaline earth metal Sodium 5. Modern Periodic Law Dobereiner Ans : 1 – E, 2 – D, 3 – A, 4 – B, 5 – C

### IV. State whether True or False

1) Newlands’ periodic table is based on the atomic masses of elements and the modern periodic table is based on the atomic number of elements

Ans: True

2) Metals can gain electrons

Ans: False

Correct Ans: Metals can lose Electrons

3) Alloys bear the characteristics of both metals and nonmetals

Ans: True

4) Lanthanides and actinides are kept at the bottom of the periodic table because they resemble each other but they do not resemble with any other group elements

Ans: True

5) Group 17 elements are named as Halogens

Ans: True

### V. Assertion and Reason

Statement: Elements in a group generally possess similar properties but elements along a period have different properties.
Reason: The difference in electronic configuration makes the element differ in their chemical properties along a period.

1. Statement is true and reason explains the statement.
2. Statement is false but the reason is correct.

Ans: Statement is true and reason explains the statement.

### VI. Answer the Following

1. State modern periodic law.

Chemical and Physical properties of elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers is called modern periodic law

2. What are groups and periods in the modern periodic table?

• Vertical columns called ‘groups’
• Horizontal rows called ‘period’

3. What are the limitations of Mendeleev’s periodic table?

• No proper position could be given to the element hydrogen. Non-metallic hydrogen was placed along with metals like lithium (Li), sodium (Na) and potassium (K).
• The increasing order of atomic mass was not strictly followed throughout. Eg. Co & Ni, Te & I
• No place for isotopes in the periodic table

4. State any five features of modern periodic table

• All the elements are arranged in the increasing order of their atomic number
• The horizontal rows are called periods. Tere are seven periods in the periodic table.
• The elements are placed in periods based on the number of shells in their atoms
• Vertical columns in the periodic table starting from top to bottom are called groups. Tere are 18 groups in the periodic table
• Based on the physical and chemical properties of elements, they are grouped into various families.

### VII. Complete the Following Table

 Element Number of electrons Sub shell electronic configuration 7N 7 1s2 2s2 2p3 9F 9 1s2 2s2 2p5 11Na 11 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1 17Cl 17 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5 18Ar 18 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6

### VIII. Arrange the Jumbled Letters to Answer the Following

1. We are a family of five and lies in 17th group of periodic table (7 letters)

2. I am being stored in kerosene and be cut by knife (6 letters)

3. I am the most corrosion resistant silvery white metal and lies in group 9 (7 letters)

4. I am being used as refrigerant in liquid form with atomic number 7 (8 letters)

5. I am in your blood as hemoglobin and without me no buildings are possible (4 letters)

6. I am the highly radioactive and newly designated element in the modern periodic table with atomic number 113 (8 letters)

7. I am used as a disinfectant for drinking water. (8 letters)

8. I am mixed with salt and used for thyroid health (6 letters)

9. I am the key part of biological molecules and have the valency of four. (5 letters)

10. I am the first in the noble gas group and used to fill balloons (6 letters)

 S.No Jumbled letters Answer 1 LAOHSENG HALOGEN 2 SDIMUO SODIUM 3 RIDMUII IRIDIUM 4 TIRNGONE NITROGEN 5 NROI IRON 6 IHNMUINO NIHONIUM 7 HCLEIRNO CHLORINE 8 ENIDOI IODINE 9 BARCON CORBAN 10 ELIHUM HELIUM

### IX) Complete the Following Table Referring to the Modern Periodic Table

 Period number Total no of elements Elements Elements Total no of elements in From To s-block p-block d-block f-block 1 2 Hydrogen Helium 2 2 8 Lithium Neon 2 6 3 8 Sodium Argon 2 6 4 18 potassium Krypton 2 6 10 5 18 Rubidium Xenon 2 6 10 6 32 Caesium Radon 2 6 10 14 7 32 Francium Ognesson 2 6 10 14

### பயனுள்ள பக்கங்கள்

We hope that you find this post insightful, informative, and beneficial as you navigate the intriguing world of periodic classification. Good luck with your studies and may this resource serve as a valuable tool in your academic journey!

Last Updated: 2nd July 2023