Lesson 4. Periodic classification of elements
Lesson 4. Periodic classification of elements
I. Choose the correct answer
1. If Dobereiner is related with ‘law of triads’, then Newlands is related with
- Modern periodic law
- Hund’s rule
- law of octaves
- Pauli’s Exclusion principle
Ans : law of octaves
2. Modern periodic law states that the physical and chemical properties of elements are the periodic functions of their
- atomic numbers
- atomic masses
Ans : atomic numbers
3. Elements in the modern periodic table are arranged in groups and periods.
- 7, 18
- 8, 17
Ans : 18,7
4. The increasing order of the energy of subshells is
Ans : s<p<d<f
5. If the electronic configuration of an element is 1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p1 then it will occupy _________________ block of the periodic table
Ans : p
II. Fill in the blanks
1. In Dobereiner’s triads, the atomic weight of the middle element is the of ______________ the atomic masses of 1st and 3rd elements.
Ans : Average
2. Noble gases belong to _____________ group of the periodic table.
Ans : 18th
3. The basis of the classifications proposed by Dobereiner, Newlands and Mendeleev was _____________________
Ans : Atomic mas
4. B, Si, Ge and As are the examples of ________________________
Ans : metalloids
5. Example for liquid metal is _________________ .
Ans : mercury
III. Match the following
|2. Alkali metal||Calcium|
|3. Law of octaves||Henry Moseley|
|4. Alkaline earth metal||Sodium|
|5. Modern Periodic Law||Dobereiner|
|Ans : 1 – E, 2 – D, 3 – A, 4 – B, 5 – C|
IV. State whether True or False
1) Newlands’ periodic table is based on atomic masses of elements and modern periodic table is based on atomic number of elements ( True )
2) Metals can gain electrons ( False )
3) Alloys bear the characteristics of both metals and nonmetals ( True )
4) Lanthanides and actinides are kept at the bottom of the periodic table because they resemble each other but they do not resemble with any other group elements ( True )
5) Group 17 elements are named as Halogens ( True )
V. Assertion and Reason
Statement: Elements in a group generally possess similar properties but elements along a period have different properties.
Reason: The difference in electronic configuration makes the element differ in their chemical properties along a period.
a) Statement is true and reason explains the statement.
b) Statement is false but the reason is correct.
Ans : Statement is true and reason explains the statement.
VI. Answer the following
1. State modern periodic law.
Chemical and Physical properties of elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers is called modern periodic law
2. What are groups and periods in the modern periodic table?
- Vertical columns called ‘groups’
- Horizontal rows called ‘period’
3. What are the limitations of Mendeleev’s periodic table?
- No proper position could be given to the element hydrogen. Non-metallic hydrogen was placed along with metals like lithium (Li), sodium (Na) and potassium (K).
- The increasing order of atomic mass was not strictly followed throughout. Eg. Co & Ni, Te & I
- No place for isotopes in the periodic table
4. State any five features of modern periodic table
- All the elements are arranged in the increasing order of their atomic number
- The horizontal rows are called periods. Tere are seven periods in the periodic table.
- The elements are placed in periods based on the number of shells in their atoms
- Vertical columns in the periodic table starting from top to bottom are called groups. Tere are 18 groups in the periodic table
- Based on the physical and chemical properties of elements, they are grouped into various families.
VII. Complete the following table
|Element||Number of electrons||Sub shell electronic configuration|
|7N||7||1s2 2s2 2p3|
|9F||9||1s2 2s2 2p5|
|11Na||11||1s2 2s2 2p6 3s1|
|17Cl||17||1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p5|
|18Ar||18||1s2 2s2 2p6 3s2 3p6|
VIII. Arrange the jumbled letters to answer the following
1. We are a family of five and lies in 17th group of periodic table (7 letters)
2. I am being stored in kerosene and be cut by knife (6 letters)
3. I am the most corrosion resistant silvery white metal and lies in group 9 (7 letters)
4. I am being used as refrigerant in liquid form with atomic number 7 (8 letters)
5. I am in your blood as hemoglobin and without me no buildings are possible (4 letters)
6. I am the highly radioactive and newly designated element in the modern periodic table with atomic number 113 (8 letters)
7. I am used as a disinfectant for drinking water. (8 letters)
8. I am mixed with salt and used for thyroid health (6 letters)
9. I am the key part of biological molecules and have the valency of four. (5 letters)
10. I am the first in the noble gas group and used to fill balloons (6 letters)
IX) Complete the following table referring the modern periodic table:
|Period number||Total no of elements||Elements||Elements Total no of elements in|