9th Std Social Science Term 1 Solution | Lesson.8 Forms of Government and Democracy

Lesson.8 Forms of Government and Democracy

9th Standard Social Science Book Term 1 - Forms of Government and Democracy

Lesson.8 Forms of Government and Democracy

I. Choose the correct answer

1. A system of government in which one person reigns supreme, usually a king or queen, is Called ……………

  1. autocracy
  2. Monarchy
  3. Democracy
  4. Republic

Ans : (b) Monarchy

2. A system of government with absolute power is ……………

  1. Aristocracy
  2. Theocracy
  3. Democracy
  4. Autocracy

Ans : (d) Autocracy

3. When a country is governed by a few privileged, the form of government is called

  1. Oligarchy
  2. Parliamentary
  3. Democracy
  4. Republic

Ans : (a) Oligarchy

4. Former Soviet Union is an example for ……………

  1. Aristocracy
  2. Theocracy
  3. Oligarchy
  4. Republic

Ans : (c) Oligarchy

5. Select the odd one

  1. India
  2. USA
  3. France
  4. Vatican

Ans : (d) Vatican

6. Abraham Lincoln was the President of the ……………

  1. USA
  2. UK
  3. USSR
  4. India

Ans : (a) USA

7. Kudavolai system was followed by ……………

  1. Cheras
  2. Pandyas
  3. Cholas
  4. Kalabhras

Ans : (c) Cholas

8. Direct Democracy in olden times existed ……………

  1. In the republics of ancient India
  2. Among the USA
  3. In the city-state of ancient Athens
  4. Among the UK

Ans : (c) In the city-state of ancient Athens

9. From which language was the term “Democracy” derived?

  1. Greek
  2. Latin
  3. Persian
  4. Arabic

Ans : (a) Greek

10. In which country has democracy originated?

  1. India
  2. Switzerland
  3. USA
  4. Athens

Ans : (d) Athens

11. In democracy, the final authority rests with ……………

  1. The Parliament
  2. The People
  3. The council of Ministers
  4. The President

Ans : (b) The People

12. Which one of the country has Presidential form of government?

  1. India
  2. Britain
  3. Canada
  4. USA

Ans : (d) USA

13. The largest democratic country in the world is ……………

  1. Canada
  2. India
  3. USA
  4. China

Ans: (b) India

14. Assertion (A) : Direct democracy is practised in Switzerland.

Reason (R) : People directly participate in decision making.

  1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)
  2. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explain (A)
  3. (A) is correct and (R) is false
  4. (A) is false and (R) is true

Ans: (a) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)

15. Assertion (A) : India has parliamentary form of democracy.

Reason (R) : Indian parliament comprises two houses.

  1. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) explains (A)
  2. Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explain (A)
  3. (A) is correct and (R) is false
  4. (A) is false and (R) is true

Ans : (b) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) does not explain (A)

16. The meaning of Franchise is ……………

  1. Right to elect
  2. Right to vote for the poor
  3. Right to vote
  4. Right to vote for the rich

Ans : (c) Right to vote

17. The grant of universal franchise creates ……………

  1. Social equality
  2. Economic equality
  3. Political equality
  4. Legal equality

Ans : (c) Political equality

18. Prime Minister of India is appointed by ……………

  1. Lok Sabha
  2. Rajya Sabha
  3. Speaker
  4. President

Ans : (d) President

19. The President of India can nominate

  1. 12 members to Lok Sabha
  2. 2 members of Rajya Sabha
  3. 12 members to Rajya Sabha
  4. 14 members of Rajya Sabha

Ans : (c) 12 members to Rajya Sabha

20. The First general elections after independence in India were held in ……………

  1. 1949
  2. 1952
  3. 1958
  4. 1948

Ans: (b) 1952

II. Fill in the blanks:

1. The Constitution of India was finally adopted on …………

Ans : 26th January 1950

2. The two types of democracy are ………… and …………

Ans : Direct democracy and Indirect democracy

3. An example for direct democracy is …………

Ans : Switzerland

4. India has a ………… form of democracy.

Ans : Parliamentary

5. ………… was the first Prime Minister of independent India.

Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru

6. The first general elections were held in British India in the year

Ans : 1920

7. The Parliament House in India was designed by ………… and …………

Ans : Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker

III. Match the following

1. Autocracy18
2. Right to voteArthashastra
3. ChanakyaVatican
4. TheocracyNorth Korea
Ans: 1 – D, 2 – A, 3 – B, 4 – C

IV. Give short answers:

1. Give Abraham Lincoln’s definition for democracy.

Abraham Lincoln, one of the President of USA, defined democracy as ‘The government of the people by the people and for the people.

2. Mention the forms of democracy.

  1. Direct democracy
  2. Indirect democracy

3. Distinguish between direct and indirect democracy.

Direct DemocracyIndirect Democracy
1. In this democracy, people themselves directly express their will on public affairs.In this democracy, the people express their will on public affairs through their elected representatives.
2. It is also known as Pure democracyIt is also called as Representative democracy.
3. Eg : Ancient Greek City statesEg : India, USA

V. Answer in detail:

1. What are the challenges to democracy? explain.

Democracy is the dominant form of government in the contemporary world. It has not faced a serious challenge or a rival so far. In the last hundred years, there has been an expansion of democracy all over the world.

The various aspects of democracy and its challenges are:

  1. Illiteracy
  2. Poverty
  3. Gender discrimination
  4. Regionalism
  5. Casteism, communalism and religious fundamentalism
  6. Corruption
  7. Criminalisation of politics
  8. Political violence

2. Explain the conditions necessary for the success of democracy in India.

  • Empowerment of the poor and illiterates to enjoy the goodness of democracy.
  • Willingness among the elected people not to misuse their powerful position and public wealth.
  • Eradication of social evils and dangers from which democracy suffers.
  • An impartial and efficient press to form public opinion.
  • Presence of strong public opinion
  • Feeling of tolerance and communal harmony among the people.
  • Awareness among the people of the fundamental rights that they are entitled to enjoy.
  • Conscious check and vigilance on the working of the elected representatives.
  • Powerful and responsible opposition.

3. What is your opinion about democracy in India?

  • Indian democracy can be successful and vibrant only when its citizens imbibe and refect in their behavior the basic democratic values like equality, freedom, social justice, accountability and respect for all.
  • Their mindset, thinking and behavior are expected to be in tune with the essential conditions of democracy.
  • They have to appreciate the opportunities for their desired roles like participation, making the system accountable, fulflling obligations, and playing proactive roles to actualize the goals of democracy


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