Lesson 1.1 Goal Setting
Lesson 1.1 > Goal Setting
|crossroads (n.)||to be at a point when you have to make a very important decision|
|deteriorated (v.)||became worse|
|influence (n.)||the capacity to have an effect on the character development|
|peer (n.)||person of same age, status or ability|
|Passion (n.)||strong desire|
|ultimately (adv.)||being the best or most extreme example|
1. Have you found yourself at a cross roads?
Yes, I have found myself at a cross roads.
2. Which is the most important step in the goal setting process?
The most important step in the goal setting process is to ‘put my goals on paper.
3. What made Srikkanth keep trying to realize his dream?
Srikkanth’s inner voice made him keep trying to realize his dream.
4. What kind of attitude helps us to succeed?
The attitude to keep trying without worrying about failures will help us succeed.
5. When will you be successful in life?
When we do something with passionate interest, we will be successful in life.
6. Why should you enjoy what you do?
When we enjoy what we do, ultimately we d everything in the right manner.
7. What is the secret of Sachin Tendulkar’s success ?
Whenever Sachin played, he played with great passion. That is the secret of his success.
8. What are the steps in the goal setting process
The steps in the goal setting process are:
- Identity the benefits of achieving that goal.
- Make sure that you are going towards where you actually want to go.
9. How do goals become easy to achieve?
When you go on a step-by-step basis, it becomes easier to achieve your goals.
Read and Understand
A. Based on your understanding of the lesson, answer the following questions by choosing the correct options.
i) The author’s desire was to _________
- become an engineer.
- become a big shot in life.
- play football.
- play cricket.
Ans ; play cricket.
ii) After the 1983 World Cup, he was dropped from the Indian team because ___________
- his form deteriorated.
- he went abroad.
- he got a job.
- he was not healthy.
Ans ; his form deteriorated.
iii) A little voice in Srikkanth said,
- “You should become a big shot.”
- “You will make it.”
- “Be sure of your goal.”
- “Don’t give up.”
Ans ; “You will make it.”
iv) You should not do anything without _______________
Ans ; passion
v) _______________ change for a person from time to time.
Ans ; Desires
B. Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.
1. According to the author, what are the steps in the goal setting process?
The steps in the goal setting process are
- Put your goals on paper.
- Analyze what the benefits are.
- Identify obstacles and challenges.
- Help required people and resources.
- Put down milestones with dates.
2. Explain “Don’t worry, Cheeka…, you will make it. You will make a comeback in the Indian team, you will be a successful cricket.”
When the author was going down in his performance, an inner voice kept on telling him that he would comeback in the Indian tearn.
3. How did the author’s deep rooted desire become a reality?
The author worked consciously towards his deep rooted desire and it became a reality.
4. What was Tendulkar’s greatest wish?
Tendulkar’s greatest wish was to win the world cup and be a part of a world cup winning team for Indian.
5. When can you achieve your own goals in life?
We must set goals and manage time to achieve our goals. When we work towards it consciously with passion, we can achieve it in life.
C. Match the words
|Ans : 1 – d, 2 – e, 3 – c, 4 – b, 5 – a|
D. Match the words
|Ans : 1 – b, 2 – a, 3 – d, 4 – e, 5 – c|
E. Use the words given below in your own sentences so as to get different meanings. One is done for you.
|Cricket||Cricket is a popular sport.|
|A cricket is active at night.|
|Bank||The bank is closed today.|
|There are trees on the river bank.|
|Will||The old man made his last will.|
|I don’t want to go against your will.|
|Bark||She barked out an order.|
|The bark of neem tree is used as medicine.|
|Watch||I have bought a new watch.|
|We watch the TV programme.|
F. Use the words given below in your own sentences so as to get different meanings. One is done for you.
|right||write, rite, wright|
G. Look at the prefixes given and frame two new words for each prefix and suffix. One is done for you.
|Prefix||Word-1||Word – 2|
|Suffix||Word-1||Word – 2|
H. Listen to the passage on Paralympics and choose the correct answer.
1. The Paralympic games are for _____
- disabled people.
Ans ; disabled people.
2. The Paralympic games usually happen ___________
- in Greece.
- every four years.
- after the Olympic Games.
Ans ; after the Olympic Games.
3. The first true Paralympic Games happened in Rome in _________
Ans ; 1960.
4. In 394 BCE, the ________ stopped the Greek Olympic Games, because they didn’t like them.
Ans ; Romans
5. …………..was a doctor at the Stoke Mandeville hospital in England.
- Pierre de Coubertin
- Sir Ludwig Guttmann
- Natalie du Toit
Ans ; Sir Ludwig Guttmann
I. try to solve these anagrams.
Grammar – Preposition
A. Choose the most appropriate preposition from the brackets.
1. We have been living in Chennai _________ eight years. (for/ since)
Ans ; for
2. Abdul has taken______ his father. (after/ at)
Ans ; after
3. Vimal generally goes to his workplace______ bus. (by/on)
Ans ; by
4. The cricket ball was hidden ______ the leaves. (among/ between)
Ans ; among
5. Mani divided his toys______his brothers and sisters. (among/ between)
Ans ; among
B. Identify the prepositions in the given sentences and underline them.
1. Riya borrowed a dress from me and lent it to her friend, Mary.
Ans ; from
2. When I moved back to the city, things had changed considerably.
Ans ; to
3. The burglar found the keys under the pot in the balcony.
Ans ; under
4. Prabhu was hiding behind the door when his sister came looking for him.
Ans ; behind
5. My dog sat on my hat and squashed it.
Ans ; on
C. Complete the passage by filling in appropriate prepositions from the list- (with, out, to, in, from, during, of, for, by). Some prepositions may be used more than once.
In Tamil Nadu, a very interesting form of recitation named Villupattu developed (a) in the 15th century. Villupattu means bow—song because a bow—shaped musical instrument (b) with strong high tension string is used (c) for placing it (d) with an earthen pitcher. It is believed that this narrative form was an invention (e) by Arasa Pulavar. The troupe gives its performance mostly (f) during temple festivals. There are seven to eight persons in a troupe who form a kind (g) of chorus that supports the main singer-narrator. When the chief narrator sings, the chorus takes (h) out the refrain
(i) from the song and repeats it in unison. The whole party sits (j) in the ground
and performs (k) with a lot (l) of gesticulation and facial expression to suit the narrative they have taken. The ballad style songs are composed (m) from the rural dialect
which appeals (n) no the audience who sometimes join the troupe (o) with suitable notes or words.
Preposition with verbs
A. Frame sentences using the repositional phrases given in the box.
|benefit from||care for||agree with|
|stand in||ask for||laugh at|
|stay at||joke about||believe in|
|go into||consist of||pay for|
|prepare for||attend to||rely on|
1. Hari gets benefit from his grandparents’ assets.
2. Don’t care for ciriticism.
3. I always agree with you.
4. They stand in line to purchase commodities in ration shop.
5. We ask for financial support.
6. Don’t laugh at others.
7. When we went to Delhi, we stayed at a hotel.
8. When two friends meet, they joke about school days.
9. I believe in God.
10. They go into the mall.
11. Our class consists of forty pupils.
12. My father paid for picnic at school.
13. We must prepare well for our competitive examination.
14. Doctors attend to the needs of the patients.
15. The workers rely on the latest mechanism
B. Given below is a picture of a carnival. Complete the factual description by filling in the blanks with appropriate prepositions.
A thiruvizha is a source of excitement and thrill for villagers. The village thoroughfare wears a festive look, as the open spaces are cleaned, spruced up and decorated (a) with colourful streamers. People throng the premises (b) to catch a glimpse (c) of their village deity (d) on a magnificently decorated chariot, and pay their respects. There is a big crowd (e) at the food stalls that serve free piping hot sakkaraipongal (sweet pongal), lemon rice and curd rice. People (f) from nearby villages and towns display their wares attractively, and call out loudly (g) at the people (h) to buy their wares. Cotton candy, cut raw mangoes smothered (i) in salt and chilly powder, boiled groundnuts, murukku, sweets, buttermilk etc are sold. Men, women, grandmas, grandpas and little children dressed (j) in their best clothes, enjoy the Thiruvizha greatly.
You can hear the shrieks (k) of happy children enjoying the rides on ferris wheels and carousels, elders looking (l) at each other with smiles on their faces.
The entire day is spent (m) in fun and gaiety. All the village people irrespective of their age, look forward (n) to the thiruvizha every year.
A. Identify the dependent clauses or phrases in the following sentences and underline them.
1. Texting on his phone, the man swerved into a ditch.
- Texting on his phone, the man swerved into a ditch. (phrases)
2. It isn’t necessary to cram all night if you have studied a little each day.
It isn’t necessary to cram all night if you have studied a little each day. (Dependent Clause)
3. We climbed up the hill to enjoy the view.
- We climbed up the bill to enjoy the view. (Phrase)
4. I enjoy painting during my holidays.
- I enjoy painting during my holidays. (Phrase)
5. Whether he attends the party or not, I have decided to go.
- Whether he attends the party or not, I have decided to go. (Dependent Clause)
6. I will stop playing the drums when you go to sleep.
- I will stop playing the drums when you go to sleep. (Dependent Clause)
B. Complete the following sentences using appropriate prepositional phrases.
1. I would like to order coffee__________tea.
- instead of
- instead from
- instead to
Ans ; instead of
2. ____________ the rains, we went out.
- In spite of
- In spite
- In spite on
Ans ; In spite of
3. ___________ fire, break the glass to escape.
- In case of
- In case
- In case with
Ans ; In case of
4. I am standing here_______ my friends.
- in behalf of
- on behalf of
- on behalf
Ans ; on behalf of
5. We solved the problem _______ a new device developed by our engineers.
- by means of
- by means
- by means to
Ans ; by means of
6. ________ we are impressed with their performance.
- In general
- On general
- In generally
Ans ; In general
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