9th Std Social Science Term 2 Solution | Lesson.2 The Middle Ages

Lesson.2 The Middle Ages

9th Standard Social Science Book Term 2 - The Middle Ages

Lesson.2 The Middle Ages

I Choose the correct answer

1. …………… was the old religion of Japan.

  1. Shinto
  2. Confucianism
  3. Taoism
  4. Animism

Ans : a) Shinto

2. …………… means great name-lord.

  1. Daimyo
  2. Shogun
  3. Fujiwara
  4. Tokugawa

Ans : a) Daimyo

3. The Arab General who conquered Spain was ……………

  1. Tariq
  2. Alaric
  3. Saladin
  4. Mohammad the Conqueror

Ans : a) Tariq

4. Harun-al-Rashid was the able emperor of ……………

  1. Abbasid dynasty
  2. Umayyad dynasty
  3. Sassanid dynasty
  4. Mongol dynasty

Ans : a) Abbasid dynasty

5. Feudalism centred around ……………

  1. vassalage
  2. slavery
  3. serfdom
  4. land

Ans : a) vassalage

II Find out the correct statement

1. (i) Chengiz Khan was an intolerant person in religion

(ii) Mongols destroyed the city of Jerusalem

(iii) Crusades weakened the Ottoman Empire

(iv) Pope Gregory succeeded in making King Henry IV to abdicate the throne by means of Interdict

  1. (i) is correct
  2. (ii) is correct
  3. (ii) and (iii) are correct
  4. (iv) is correct

Ans : d) (iv) is correct

2. (i) Mangu Khan was the Governor of China.

(ii) Mongol court in China impressed Marco Polo.

(iii) The leader of Red Turbans was Hung Chao.

(iv) Mongols established their rule in China in the name of Yuan dynasty.

  1. (i) is correct
  2. (ii) is correct
  3. (ii) and (iv) are correct
  4. (iv) is correct

Ans : c) (ii) and (iv) are correct

3. (i) Boyang and Changon were built during Sung dynasty.

(ii) Peasant uprisings led to the collapse of Tang dynasty.

(iii) Seljuq Turks were a tribe of Tartars.

(iv) Mongols established their rule in China in the name of Yuan dynasty.

  1. (i) is correct
  2. (ii) is correct
  3. (iii) is correct
  4. (iv) is correct

Ans : b) (ii) is correct

4. Assertion (A) : Buddhism went to China from India

Reason (R) : The earliest Indian inhabitants in China were the followers of Buddhism.

  1. A is correct; R is wrong
  2. Both A & R are wrong
  3. Both A & R are correct
  4. A is wrong R is irrelevant to A

Ans : a) A is correct; R is wrong

5. Assertion (A) : Te fall of Jerusalem into the hands of Seljuk Turks led to the Crusades.

Reason (R) : European Christian pilgrims were denied access to Jerusalem.

  1. A is correct; R is not the correct explanation of A
  2. A and R are correct
  3. A and R are wrong
  4. A is correct, R is the correct explanation of A

Ans : a) A is correct; R is not the correct explanation of A

III. Fill in the blanks

1. ………….. were the original inhabitants of Japan.

Ans : Ainus

2. ………….. was the original name of Japan.

Ans : Yamato

3. ………….. was the original name of Medina.

Ans : Madinat-un-Nabi

4. ………….. were the barbarians posing a threat to the Chinese in the north.

Ans : The Mongols

5. ………….. established Ottoman supremacy in the Balkans.

Ans : Mohammad II

IV. Match the following

1. Red Turbans Kamakura
2. Seljuk Turks Mohammad II
3. First Shogunate City of Arabian Nights
4. Baghdad Chu Yuan Chang
5. Capture of Constantinople Central Asia
 Ans: 1 – D, 2 – E, 3 – A, 4 – C, 5 – C

V. Answer all questions given under each heading

1. Shogunate in Japan :

a) Name the two Daimyo families that fought for power in Japan.

Tara family and Minamota family.

b) Who emerged successful in the fight?

Yoritomo.

c) What was the title given by the Emperor to the victorious?

Sei-i-tai-Shogun.

d) Where was the capital of the first Shogunate established?

Kamakura.

2. Rule of Abbasids :

a) Who were Abbasids?

The followers of Abbas, uncle of Prophet Mohammad were called as Abbasids.

b) What was the title assumed by Abbasid Caliph?

The Commander of the Faithful

c) Where did they have their new capital?

Baghdad in Iraq.

d) In whose period was the Abbasid Empire at the height of its glory?

Harun-al-Rashid.

VI Answer the following briefly

1. The Great Wall of China.

  • The Chinese built the defensive walls to protect themselves from enemies from the north.
  • During Chin (Qin) Dynasty, the separate walls were connected.
  • The connected wall stretched from East to West for about 5000 km.
  • The wall was further extended and strengthened by succeeding dynasties.
  • Now, it is 6,700 km in length and considered as one of the Wonders of the World.

2. Impact of Crusades.

  • Crusades put an end to the Feudal system.
  • Increasing demand for products of the East led to expansion of trade.
  • Important commercial centers in the Mediterranean region such as Venice, Genoa and Pisa emerged.
  • The elimination of powerful nobles strengthened the monarchy in France and England.
  • Pope and their Papacy lost their power and prestige.

3. How was Feudalism organized in the Middle Ages?

  • It is a form government involving lords and vassals.
  • The king was at the head of the feudal regime. After to him, there were the nobles.
  • The nobles in turn had vassals known as lesser nobles called viscounts or barons.
  • Last in this order were the knights whose fiefs (piece of land) could not be divided.
  • The villeins or serfs were at the bottom of the Feudal system.

4. Write about the two instruments used by Medieval Pope to assert his authority.

The two instruments used by Medieval Pope to assert their authority were Excommunication and Interdict.

Excommunication:

  • It means depriving a person of all privileges of a Christian.
  • He was denied the right to sacraments in church.
  • His or her body could not be buried in the consecrated ground.

Interdict:

  • It was a way to deny benefits of religion to a ruler’s subject, intended to kindle their resentment against him.
  • For example, By means of interdict, Pope Gregory VII succeeded in making the Emperor Henry IV to abdicate the throne.

VII Answer the following in detail

1. Write about Crusades and its impact.

The Seljuk Turks captured the holy city Jerusalem in 11th century A.D. Immediately, the Pope and Church called upon all the Christians of Europe to the rescue of Jerusalem. The struggle between the Christians and Muslims beginning in 1095 which continued for 200 years is called Crusades or Holy wars.

  • It put an end to the feudal system.
  • The increasing demand for products of the East led to the expansion of trade.
  • Venice, Genoa and Pisa emerged as important commercial centres in the Mediterranean region.
  • The elimination of powerful nobles strengthened the monarchy in France and England.
  • Pope and papacy lost their power and prestige.

2. Who were the Mongols? How did they rule China?

  • Mongols were nomads. They came into Europe from the steppes of Asiatic Russia.
  • They were herdsmen and also experts in warfare.
  • They produced a remarkable chief, Chengiz Khan, a great military genius.
  • The Mongols established their rule in the name of Yuan dynasty in china.
  • They ruled China from 1279 to 1368 A.D
  • The Mongol presence played major role in spreading Chinese technological advances to the less developed societies in the West.
  • The Mongol court in Beijing impressed a number of foreigners including Marco Polo.
  • There were revolts of religious sects and secret societies.
  • Finally, the leader of ‘Red Turbans’ Chu Yuan Chang took the Mongol capital Beijing and proclaimed himself emperor in 1369

 

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