Lesson 2.1 My Reminiscence
Lesson 2.1 > My Reminiscence
- ineffable – beyond expression too great to be expressed
- languid – moving slowly
- plaintive – sounding sad
- ministrations – the act of helping or caring
- wrought – (past tense) caused
- clustering – forming a group
- belching – to let air come up
- veritable – more exciting
- garb – clothes
Read and Understand
I. Fill in the blanks.
1. The author speaks about the river _________.
Ans ; Ganges
2. The author’s brother’s name is _________.
Ans ; Jyotirinda
3. The _________ glimmered over the smooth flowing stream.\
Ans ; moonlight
4. The beauty of Bengal and the Ganges served as _________ and _________ drink to the author.
Ans ; food, drink
5. The afternoons were spent by _________ and _________.
Ans ; singing old Vaishnava songs, drifting in a boat
II. Answer the following in one or two sentences.
1. Quote the expressions from the text when the author sees the Ganges again.
‘Again those ineffable days and nights, languid with joy, sad with longing, attuned to the plaintive babbling of the river along the cool shade of its wooded banks.
2. In what ways have the river and its bank changed?
The river-side nests have been replaced by mills emitting black smoke.
3. How were the rooms arranged in his house?
The rooms were not regularly arranged, nor all on the same level. Some had to be reached by short flights of stairs.
III. Answer the following in a paragraph.
1. How does the author spend his afternoon ? Explain.
Tagore spent some rainy afternoons by singing away old Vaishnava songs to his own tunes accompanying himself on a harmonium. On other afternoons, Tagore and his brother would go in a boat. His brother Jyotirinda accompanied his singing with his violin. Beginning with the Purvai (50), they went on varying the mode of their music with the day falling. On reaching the Behage (50), they saw the western sky close the doors of its factory of golden toys.
2. Describe how the river looks when he rows back.
A silvery peace rests on the river. No boats are found in the river. The fringe of the trees on the bank is reduced to a deep shadow. The moonlight glimmers over the smooth flowing stream.
Clipping is the word formation process which consists in the reduction of a word to one of its parts. These words are called clipped words.
a. Find out the clipped words for the following.
- aeroplane – plane
- microphone – mike
- exhibition – exhibit
- kilogram – kilo
- cafeteria – cafe
b. Find and use the clipped words in your own sentence.
1. photograph – photo
Ans ; I saw Tajmahal in a photo
2. gymnasium – gym
Ans ; I go to the gym every morning at 7am to exercise
3. luncheon – lunch
Ans ; I will eat lunch after 2 p.m.
4. advertisement – ad
Ans ; Tall ad is essential in business
5. zoological park – Zoo
Ans ; Today I go to the zoo
A blend word or a blend is a word formed from parts of two or more other words
a. Find out the blended words for the following.
- international + police – interpol
- helicopter + pad – helipad
- motor + hotel – motel
- education + satellite – edusat
- electronic + commerce – E-commerce
An idiom (also called idiomatic expression) is an expression, word, or phrase that has a figurative meaning conventionally understood by native speakers. This meaning is different from the literal meaning of the idiom’s individual elements. In other words, idioms don’t mean exactly what the words say. They have, however, hidden meaning.
“Kick the bucket”.
The meaning of the expression is different from the literal meaning or definition of the word of which it is made. The meaning is however used figuratively – “to die”. Here are some interesting idioms.
1. “Bad Egg” – A dishonest or ill-behaved person.
He was a bad egg.
2. “A piece of cake” – A task that can be accomplished very easily.
English? It is a piece of cake.
3. “In a nutshell” – In a few words. Concisely stated.
Our profitability has dwindled to a point where we cannot continue to meet our creditors demands. In a nutshell; were broke.
4. “The apple of my eye” – Someone who is cherished above all others.
1. “The ball is in your court” – It is your turn to make a decision.
I’ve done more than my share in this partnership. The ball is in your court to decide what happens next.
2. “Saved by the bell” – Saved by a last minute intervention.
The accused was saved by the bell otherwise the judge would have pronounced
the sentence today itself.
3. “Hat trick” – A threefold feat in sports or some other activity.
The bowler was really on good bowling form today – three wickets in three
deliveries. That’s the first hat-trick in the match.
1. “Caught between two stools” – Finding it difficult to choose between two alternatives.
I’d like to go to the game and stay in for the birthday party. I’m between two stools.
2. “On cloud nine” – Blissfully happy.
The grandmother was on cloud nine to see her grandson after a long time.
3. At sixes and sevens – confused or in a state of disorder.
‘The government were at sixes and sevens over what to do about the unemployment rate.’
4. At the eleventh-hour – something happens at the last possible moment just before the deadline or end.
‘The prisoner was saved from execution at the eleventh-hour by the state governor.’
1. Caught red-handed – to catch someone in the act of doing something.
“He was caught red-handed while stealing those candy bars.”
2. Black sheep – to be the outcast, odd one out, unlike the others
“Rachel is the black sheep in the family because she is an artist whereas everyone else is an economist.”
3. Once in a blue moon – very rarely.
“Once in a blue moon you will see that mean professor smile.”
1. At a snail’s pace – Moving very slowly.
Traffic is moving at a snail’s pace.
2. let the cat out of the bag – reveal a secret.
Who let the cat out of the bag about the surprise party?
3. smell a rat – begin to suspect trickery etc.
I asked my brothers not to tell my parents that I went out, but I could smell a rat.
Your teacher will read the text aloud. Listen carefully and answer the questions given below.
Ruskin Bond, short story writer, novelist and poet, the favourite writer of Indian children, was born on 19 May, 1934 at Kasauli in Himachal Pradesh. He had his early education at Bishop Cotton School, Shimla. Writing was in his blood. He was still at school when a story penned by him was published in the Illustrated Weekly of India. His first novel, Room on the Roof, was published when he was still in his teens. This novel won him the John Rhys Memorial Award in 1957. Environment conservation is one of the major concerns of Ruskin Bond. He also writes about children and the simple hill folk of Uttarakhand. Simplicity and fluency of language and an insight into human nature are hallmarks of his style. His major writings include An Island of Trees, A Bond with the Mountains and The India I Love. He has also been honoured with the Sahitya Akademi Award for his contribution to Indian literature.
Complete the sentences:
1. Ruskin Bond was born on _________ at _________ in _________.
Ans ; 19 May, 1934, Himachal Pradesh
2. His first novel was _________.
Ans ; Room on the Roof
3. _________ is one of the major concerns of Ruskin Bond.
Ans ; Environmental Conservation
4. Mention some of his major works.
- ‘An Island of Trees’
- ‘A Bond with the Mountains’ and
- ‘The India I love’.
1. Assume as if the head of GHS, Dindigul. Your school is going to organize an inter school dance competition. Write a notice for your school notice board inviting names of all the interested students.
October 30, 2019.
INTER-SCHOOL DANCE COMPETITION
Our school Fine Arts Club is organising the inter-school dance competition for classes VI to XII on Nov 14 at school auditorium.
Those who are interested in participating in Group and Solo dance competitions are requested to register their names on or before 10th Nov.
For further details, contact the undersigned.
Secretary (Fine Arts Club-in charge).
2. Water supply will be suspended for ten hours (10 am to 8 pm) on 5th of October for cleaning of the water tank. Write a notice in about 50 words advising the residents to store water for a day. You are Athi, Secretary, Housing board, Officer’s colony. Madurai.
HOUSING BOARD OFFICER’S COLONY
3rd October, 2019.
Drinking water supply will be suspended for 10 hours from 10 am to 8 pm on 5th October on account of cleaning of the water tank.
The residents are advised to store water for a day on 4th October. Earnest co-operation is solicited.
Secretary (Housing Board, Officer’s Colony).
3. You are the head girl/boy Govt High school. Your school is soon going to publish the annual magazine next month. Write a notice for the notice board of your school inviting students to submit write-ups.
GOVT HIGH SCHOOL, MADURAI.
5th December, 2019.
The school annual magazine, ‘The Leaflet’ is going to be published on the occasion of Silver Jubilee Celebration next month.
Students of classes V and above are requested to contribute articles like essays, one-page short stories, anecdotes, snippets etc both in English and Tamil. The last date of submission of articles is 10th Dec. 2019.
Contact the undersigned for further details.
Conditional sentences with ‘If’
Conditional Sentences are also known as Conditional Clauses or If Clauses. They are used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences.
Conditional Sentence Type 1
It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled.
If I find her address, I’ll send her an invitation.
Conditional Sentence Type 2
It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled.
If I found her address, I would send her an invitation.
Conditional Sentence Type 3
It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past.
If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation.
If I study,
|will + infinitive
I will pass the exam.
If I studied,
|would + infinitive
I would pass the exam.
If I had studied,
|would + have + past participle
I would have passed the exam.
1. Complete the Conditional Sentences. Decide whether to use Type I, II or III.
1. If I had time, I __________ (go) shopping with you.
Ans ; would go
2. If you __________ (speak) English, you will get along with them perfectly.
Ans ; speak
3. If they had gone for a walk, they __________ (turn) the lights off.
Ans ; would have turned
4. If she __________ (come) to see us, we will go to the zoo.
Ans ; comes
5. I would have told you, if I __________ (see) him.
Ans ; had seen
2. Choose the best answer.
1. I will come if I __________ time.
- will have
Ans ; have
2. If he is late, we __________ without him.
- would start
- would have started
- will start
Ans ; will start
3. If you __________ me, I would tell you.
- will ask
- had asked
Ans ; asked
4. Will it be all right if I __________ a friend tonight?
- had brought
Ans ; bring
5. If you __________ to learn a musical instrument, you have to practice.
Ans ; want
3. Match the following.
- If they worked hard – She will come to our party.
- If I invite Shalini – I would have bought these shoes.
- If I had got enough money. – They would win.
Ans ; 1 – C, 2 – A, 3 – B
4. Fill in the blanks with correct verb forms.
1. If you ________ out with your friends tonight, I _____ the football match on TV.
- go, would watch
- go, will watch
- go, have watched
Ans ; go, would watch
2. If he __________ harder, he __________ his goals.
- tries, would reach
- tried, will reach
- tried, would reach
Ans ; tried, would reach
3. If we __________ to the radio, we __________ the news.
- listened, would have heard
- had listen, will hear
- listen, would hear
Ans ; listened, would have heard
A group of words which gives complete sense, is called a sentence. The basic sentence patterns are given below:
|SVO||I play hockey.|
|SVC||He is smart.|
|SVOC||I painted the car blue.|
|SVIODO||My father presented me a watch.|
|SVDOIO||She gave money to the poor|
To get ‘Subject’ ask the quesiton ‘Who?’ before the verb. It consists of nouns or pronouns and occurs before a verb.
Nancy danced well. who danced well?(Here “Nancy” answers for the who?)
The child broke the glass. (Here “The child” answers the question who?)
A verb shows an action or activity or work done by the subject. It also tells the
status. To get ‘verb’ ask what does the subject do?
Jems wrote a letter. What did Jems do? (here wrote answers the question)
He is a doctor. The baby is crying.
To get the object, ask the question ‘What?’ or ‘Whom?’. ‘What’ is for things and ‘Whom’ is for persons. Persons may be nouns or pronouns.
He bought a pen. He handles the computer. I saw him.
Direct Object (DO)
direct object answers the question ‘what’.
I like animals.
Indirect Object (IO)
answers the question ‘whom’.
I gave Rosy a pen.
The words, required to complete the meaning of a sentence are called Complement.
He is a dentist. She named the boy John. It grew dark.
Object complement answers for the questions “How” asked on the object.
He painted the car blue. How did he painted the car?
Here the word blue answers for the question “How” asked on the object car.
We call Kamarajar Karmaveerar. They selected her leader.
To get ‘Adjunct’ ask the question where ,how, when or why.
My father is a farmer in thiruvarur.
|Where? (Place)||How? (Manner)||When? (Time)||Why? (reason)|
|here, there||by bus / cycle||now, later||due to cold|
|every where||through efforts||after 2 years||through floods|
|in the sky||by mixing||when young||under compulsion|
|at home||by hard work||in the morning||carefully|
1. Choose the right pattern.
1. The wall collapsed.
Ans ; SV
2. During the war, many people lost their homes.
Ans ; ASVDO
3. I promised the children a trip to the zoo.
Ans ; SVIODO
4. In 1998, Frank moved to London.
Ans ; ASVA
5. Pooja hired a bicycle.
Ans ; SVO
2. Write two sentences for each pattern.
Ans ; Ram playing
Ans ; He play football
Ans ; She is beautiful
Ans ; My relatives will come next week.
Ans ; We elected Vetri leader.
Ans ; He showed me an album.
Ans ; Tomorrow I will return.
Ans ; I will go to market tomorrow.
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