Lesson.3 Our Nation
Lesson.3.3> Our Nation – The Legend of Jaswantgarh
- legend – a story from the past
- Garwal – an administrative division in Uttarakhand
- regroup – to organize in a new tactical formation
- reinforcement – additional army to support
- Monpa tribe – a tribal group in Arunachal Pradesh
- battalion – a military unit of 300 to 800 soldiers
- interrogation – to question someone aggressively
- brass bust – a statue made of brass, depicting a person’s head and neck
- Patriotism – love for one’s country
- retreat – going back
- intention – plan
- perception – idea
- launch – send
A. Answer the following questions.
1. Where is Jaswantgarh located?
Jaswantgarh is located in Arunachal Pradesh
2. Which place was the last stand of the Indian army?
Nauranang was the last stand of the Indian Army
3. When did the battle of Nauranang start? How long did it continue?
The battle started on 17th November 1962 and continued for seventy two hours.
4. Who helped Jaswant in the battle against Chinese?
Two village girls named Sela and Nura helped Jaswant.
5. What happened to the two girls at the end of the war?
A grenade blast killed Sela and Nura was captured alive.
6. How was he honoured by the Indian government?
Indian Government awarded him the Mahavir Chakra.
1. What was the order given to Indian Soldiers?
The Indian Soldiers were ordered to retreat and regroup.
2. How many days they fight against the Chinese Army?
They fought for three continuous days.
3. What did Chinese army return?
The Chinese army returned the brass burst of Jaswant.
B. Fill in the blanks
1. Jaswantgarh is named after the Indian soldier ___________.
Ans : Jaswant Sigh Rawat
2. The Chinese troops attacked the lonely Indian post located in _________.
Ans : Nauranang
3. Jaswant was helped by two __________ tribal girls.
Ans : village
4. Jaswant managed to kill _________ Chinese soldiers.
Ans : 300
5. Jaswant Singh Rawat was awarded ___________.
Ans : The Mahavir Chakra
C. Say true or false.
1. Nauranang is in Himachal Pradesh.
Ans : False
2. The battle of Nauranang lasted for three days.
Ans : True
3. Jaswant decided to stay in his post.
Ans : True
4. Jaswant was captured alive.
Ans : False
5. According to the Indian army, Jaswant is still serving.
Ans : True
D. Rearrange the story in order
|1. Jaswant stayed back in his post.||1|
|2. He killed 300 chinese soldiers in the battle.||4|
|3. He fired weapons from seperate points.||3|
|4. Sela and Nura helped him in the battle.||2|
|5. Jaswant shot himself to death.||6|
|6. Chinese soldiers caught the man who supplied food.||5|
|7. He was awarded the Mahavir Chakra.||7|
Let Us Know
What are prepositions?
Prepositions are words that help us know the position of things.
நமது தேசியக்கொடி 22 ஜூலை 1947 அன்று ஏற்கப்பட்ட இந்திய நாட்டின் கொடியாகும். இந்திய தேசிய கொடியை வடிவமைத்தவர் திரு. பக்ருதின் தியாப்ஜி ஆவார்.
E. Speak and win.
Collect more information about Jaswant Singh and the incidents and speak it in front of your class.
Good morning everyone. Now I am going to speak about Jaswant Singh……………….
He served in 4th Garhwal Rifles. He served one year in the army. He was born in 19 August 1941. He joined the Indian Army on 19th August 1960 aged 19 years. After his death, a hut has been constructed on the spot where he martyred. His hut is kept neat and his shoes are regularly polished even today.
Let Us Read Aloud
A. Read the passage and colour one flag each time you read.
Our national emblem is taken from Ashoka’s pillar at Sarnath. It is found on all government documents, coins, currency notes, postcards and envelopes. It consists of four lions standing back to back but, we can see only three lions at a time. There is a Dharma chakra in the centre of the base plate, with the figure of a bull in the right and that of a horse in the left. The entire structure is sitting on a lotus. The words ‘Sathyameva Jayate’ are written under it in Devanagari script. These words mean, ‘Truth alone Triumphs’.
B. Choose the picture for the passage.
Indian Army has constructed a hut over the spot where he was martyred. Everyday his house is cleaned, his shoes are regularly polished and letters by his well wishes are presented to him. He is really such a true hero who deserves everyday remembrance.
C. Answer the following
1. Where is our national Emblem taken from?
Our national Emblem is taken from Ashoka’s pillar at Sarnath.
2. Where is our national Emblem found?
It is found on all government documents, coins, currency notes, post cards, envelopes etc.
3. What does ‘Sathyameva jayate’ mean?
Sathyameva Jayate means “ Truth alone Truimps”.
4. What are the two animals found in the emblem?
Bull and Horse are the two animals found in the Emblem.
Let Us Write
Write the hungry fox story on your own by looking at the pictures and using the clues given under each picture.
|There, it, was, searched, a fox, in forest,hungry, very, tired, Food, every where.||It, saw, wanted, jumped, grape plant, to eat, high, to pluck, the fruits, Many times||It, The fruit, I, couldn’t reach, gave up, said, don’t want, would be, the fruits, trying, to himself, sour.|
Once upon a time, there was a hungry fox in forest. It searched for food everywhere and was very tired. It saw a grape plant and jumped to eat. But it was very high to pluck its fruits. It tried many times. It gave up and sadly said “I couldn’t reach and don’t want the fruits.” After trying, It said to himself the fruit was sour
I Can Do
|Name of the object||In your mother tongue||Use in a sentence|
|Indian Map||இந்திய வரைபடம்||We can use India Map to learn about the location of its important places|
B. Divide the following words.
garden reason turkey peanut skyblue
C. List out the words under each group and divide them.
( sunset market feature moonlight purple creature )
D. Recite the poem ‘Patriotism’.
E. Fill in the blanks with in, on, at.
1. She wakes up _____5 ’o’ clock.
Ans : at
2. _______ summer, we have more holidays.
Ans : In
3. We celebrate Independence day _______ 15th August, every year.
Ans : on
4. He walks usually _______ the morning.
Ans : in
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